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Title:Linearized hydrogen elasticity
Author(s):Sofronis, Petros
Subject(s):Hydrogen Elasticity
Abstract:The general principles of the mechanics and therodynamics of materials are used to describe the effects of interstitial mobile hydrogen on the mechanical behavior of metals and alloys. First the coupled general field equations accounting for hydrogen diffusion and nonlinear deformation are derived and then linearized for the case of small deformation. Linearization reveals that the Laplacian of the hydrostatic stress is related to the Laplacian of the hydrogen concentration in the lattice, and it is not zero, as has often been assumed in calculations involving stress driven diffusion of hydrogen under plane strain conditions. When the hydrogen is in equilibrium with the applied stress, that is, at steady state conditions of hydrogen transport, the linear elastic constitutive response of the solid accounting for the hydrogen effect can be described by the standard Hooke's law of infinitesimal elasticity in which the stiffness moduli are termed moduli at fixed solute chemical potential and are calculated in terms of the moduli at fixed solute composition, the nominal hydrogen concentration, and the material parameters of the system. These moduli at fixed solute chemical potential can be viewed as the corresponding counterparts of those characterizing the drained deformation at constant pressure of fluid-infiltrated porous geomaterials, or the isentropic deformation of thermoelastic materials. Next the linear transient field equations are solved in the case of a dislocation and a line force in an infinite medium under plane strain conditions by using analytic function theory. The range of validity of the solution to the linearized field equations for an isolated edge dislocation is investigated for specific materials. Lastly, the implications of the steady state constitutive behavior of the hydrogen/metal system on the fracture and dislocation behavior are discussed.
Issue Date:1993-07
Publisher:Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. College of Engineering. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Series/Report:TAM R 716
Genre:Technical Report
Sponsor:Energy Department 93/07
Rights Information:Copyright 1993 Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-11-04

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  • Technical Reports - Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (TAM)
    TAM technical reports include manuscripts intended for publication, theses judged to have general interest, notes prepared for short courses, symposia compiled from outstanding undergraduate projects, and reports prepared for research-sponsoring agencies.

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