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Title:Quantitative characterization of fracture surface of silicon single crystals by confocal microscopy
Author(s):Xin, Yun-Biao; Hsia, K. Jimmy; Lange, David A.
Subject(s):Si Single Crystals
Confocal Microscopy
Fracture Surface
Abstract:Experiments are conducted to study the dislocation nucleation conditions at the crack tip in { 110 }<110> oriented Si single crystals. Specimens with surface cracks are first statically loaded at elevated temperatures for a prolonged period of time to initiate and move dislocations away from the crack tip, then cooled down to room temperature and loaded to fracture to measure the fracture toughness. Fractographic analysis of the fracture surfaces is performed. Distinct wavy patterns on the fracture surface at the initial cleavage crack front are observed, which is attributed to the existence of local mixed Mode I/Mode III stresses resulting from the inhomogenous dislocation activity. Confocal microscopy is employed to quantify the fracture surface roughness. The results show that the increase of fracture toughness is directly associated with the increased area of the rough surface, which is characterized by the roughness number or the fractal dimension increment. Our results also demonstrate that dislocation nucleation can only occur at discrete sites. The spacing between these dislocation nucleation sources is of the order of one micron. A simple model is developed for the relationship between the fracture toughness and the surface roughness parameters, which is in good agreement with the experimental results.
Issue Date:1995-01
Publisher:Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. College of Engineering. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Series/Report:TAM R 780
Genre:Technical Report
Sponsor:National Science Foundation 95/01
Rights Information:Copyright 1995 Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-11-04

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  • Technical Reports - Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (TAM)
    TAM technical reports include manuscripts intended for publication, theses judged to have general interest, notes prepared for short courses, symposia compiled from outstanding undergraduate projects, and reports prepared for research-sponsoring agencies.

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