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Title:Formation of coherent hairpin packets in wall turbulence
Author(s):Zhou, Jigen; Meinhart, Carl D.; Balachandar, S.; Adrian, Ronald J.
Subject(s):Hairpin Packets
Wall Turbulence
Abstract:Experimental studies of wall turbulence using particle image velocimetry give clear evidence that inclined hairpin vortices are the dominant structure. Experimentally the hairpins are not perfectly symmetric, but they characteristically have pronounced arches or heads that make them more like a hairpin than a simple inclined, quasi-streamwise vortex. In the first layer adjacent to the wall these vortices occur in coherently organized packets in which they are aligned approximately behind one another, as in the conceptual models of Bandyopadhyay (1980) and Smith ( 1984). Within the envelope of a hairpin packet, the streamwise momentum is low, forming low speed regions that extend several hundred viscous length scales above the wall, and thousands of viscous length scales in the streamwise direction. Fully resolved numerical simulations of the evolution of a viscous hairpin vortex in Re,= 180 channel flow have been performed to understand the mechanisms which can form packets of hairpins. The initial condition for the simulation is a stochastic estimate of the vector field surrounding an ejection event. The simulation reveals a mechanism for self-sustaining wall turbulence which unifies several earlier models and defines conditions under which it can occur. Above a critical level of the hairpin vortex strength relative to the background mean turbulent flow, the initial vortex spawns new hairpin vortices both upstream and downstream. To the sides, it creates quasi-streamwise vortices similar to those observed by Brooke and Hanratty (1993 ), Bernard, Thomas and Handler ( 1993). Below the critical level, the vortex gradually dissipates.
Issue Date:1997-02
Publisher:Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. College of Engineering. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Series/Report:TAM R 845
Genre:Technical Report
Sponsor:National Science Foundation 97/02; Air Force Office of Scientific Research 97/02; Office of Naval Researchearch 97/02
Rights Information:Copyright 1997 Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-11-04

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  • Technical Reports - Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (TAM)
    TAM technical reports include manuscripts intended for publication, theses judged to have general interest, notes prepared for short courses, symposia compiled from outstanding undergraduate projects, and reports prepared for research-sponsoring agencies.

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