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Title:Microforces and theory of solute transport
Author(s):Fried, Eliot; Sellers, Shaun
Subject(s):Microforces
Solute Transport Theory
Abstract:A generalized continuum framework for the theory of solute transport in fluids is proposed and systematically developed. This framework rests on the introduction of a generic force balance for the solute, a balance distinct from the macroscopic momentum balance associated with the mixture. Special forms of such a force balance have been proposed and used going back at least as far as Nernst's 1888 theory of diffusion. Under certain circumstances, this force balance yields a Fickian constitutive relation for the diffusive solute flux , and, in conjunction with the solute mass balance, provides a generalized Smoluchuwski equation for the mass fraction. Our format furnishes a systematic procedure for generalizing convection-diffusion models of solute transport, allowing for constitutive nonlinearities, external forces acting on the diffusing constituents, and coupling between convection and diffusion.
Issue Date:1999-04
Publisher:Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. College of Engineering. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Series/Report:TAM R 904
1999-6006
Genre:Technical Report
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/112612
ISSN:0073-5264
Sponsor:Energy Department; EPSRC UK
Rights Information:Copyright 1999 Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-11-04


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  • Technical Reports - Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (TAM)
    TAM technical reports include manuscripts intended for publication, theses judged to have general interest, notes prepared for short courses, symposia compiled from outstanding undergraduate projects, and reports prepared for research-sponsoring agencies.

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