Files in this item

FilesDescriptionFormat

application/pdf

application/pdfBALAMUTA-DISSERTATION-2021.pdf (8MB)Restricted Access
(no description provided)PDF

Description

Title:Bayesian estimation of restricted latent class models: Extending priors, link functions, and structural models
Author(s):Balamuta, James Joseph
Director of Research:Culpepper, Steven A
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Culpepper, Steven A
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Douglas, Jeffrey A; Paquette, Luc; Zhang, Susu
Department / Program:Illinois Informatics Institute
Discipline:Informatics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):restricted latent class models, cognitive diagnosis, latent class, latent structure models, Bayesian, Pólya-gamma data augmentation
Abstract:Restricted latent class models (RLCMs) provide a pivotal framework for supporting diagnostic research that enhances human development and opportunities. In earlier research, the focus was on confirmatory methods that required a pre-specified expert-attribute mapping known as a Q matrix. Recent research directions have led to the creation of exploratory methodology that is able to infer the Q matrix without expert intervention. Within this thesis, we seek to extend and improve upon existing exploratory techniques and applications. We begin by developing novel Bayesian methodology that uses a less restrictive monotonicity condition when estimating the underlying latent structure and attributes. Under the formulation, we make further enhancements by extending the framework to the logit-link function through the Pólya-Gamma distribution. Moreover, we determine different regularization approaches that can be applied to the latent structure to induce sparsity. Next, we propose an extension that seeks to address the dependency structure found among attributes. The dependency structure is able to be described by using a higher-order structure for attributes. Estimating the higher-order structure is done by applying techniques from exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Moreover, the latent structure grows exponentially as the number of attributes increases and we provide an option to specify a subset of the latent structure. Another important consideration is there may be more than one strategy that can be used to achieve success on some tasks. We develop new methods for inferring multiple strategies in the presence of expert knowledge. Lastly, we discuss software implementations of the aforementioned methodological developments. Providing implementations lowers the barrier of entry to employing the methods within psychometric community.
Issue Date:2021-07-08
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/113281
Rights Information:Copyright 2021 James Joseph Balamuta
Date Available in IDEALS:2022-01-12
Date Deposited:2021-08


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics