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Title:Performance Aware Energy Efficient Storage Systems
Author(s):Zhu, Qingbo
Subject(s):computer science
Abstract:Trends in Internet infrastructure are driving towards using data centers to provide services such as web hosting and outsourced storage. Data centers typically have high power requirements and may require as much electricity as an entire city. This makes energy a growing consideration in the Total Cost of Ownership for data centers. Among all components , disk storage is one of the biggest energy consumers. For a typical medium­sized data center, disk drives would represent an electricity budget of $7--9 million per year. Therefore, it is very important to reduce disk energy consumption in data centers. Designing an energy­efficient high­end storage system is a challenging task. Conserving energy usually incurs performance penalty; however, performance is very critical in data centers as they must meet response­time Service Level Agreement they provide to customers. Moreover, compared to single disk systems, high­end storage systems consisting of hundreds or thousands of disks is much more complex. All components including storage cache management, disk power control and data layout need to be carefully designed to minimize disk energy consumption in a performance­conscious manner. In this report, we present the design of a performance­aware energy­efficient storage system in data centers. We achieve this by combining a number of novel techniques: power­aware storage cache replacement algorithms and write polices that can provide more opportunities for underlying disk power management to save energy; a coarse­grain global control algorithm that optimally determines the power configuration for each disk to minimize energy consumption based on the specified performance goal; a self­adaptive, performance­directed and energy­efficient data layout which dynamically balances between performance and energy conservation as workloads change; a performance guarantee method that automatically boosts performance if there is a risk that performance goals might not be met due to disk power management. Our simulation results using both file system and online transaction processing (OLTP) traces show that our system can provide up to 65% energy savings while still meeting the response­time performance requirements (6.5--26 times better than previous solutions). Our OLTP emulated system results show that our system can save more energy (29%) than previous solutions, while still providing an OLTP transaction rate comparable to a RAID5 array with no energy management. We also study the interaction of different storage components in our system and how new storage alternatives affect the design of energy­efficient storage systems.
Issue Date:2007-08
Genre:Technical Report
Other Identifier(s):UIUCDCS-R-2007-2867
Rights Information:You are granted permission for the non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display, and performance of this technical report in any format, BUT this permission is only for a period of 45 (forty-five) days from the most recent time that you verified that this technical report is still available from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Computer Science Department under terms that include this permission. All other rights are reserved by the author(s).
Date Available in IDEALS:2009-04-22

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