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Title:African American youths’ social cognitive processing: Parental cognitive framing and youth advice-seeking about peer problems
Author(s):Jimenez, Virnaliz
Advisor(s):Tu, Kelly
Contributor(s):McElwain, Nancy
Department / Program:Human Dvlpmt & Family Studies
Discipline:Human Dvlpmt & Family Studies
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):social appraisal
self-efficacy
cognitive framing
advice-seeking
African American youth
Abstract:Research has shown that negative peer experiences are associated with problems in social information processing (van Reemst et al., 2016). Understanding how youth process social cues could help prepare youth to navigate these social challenges and interactions. However, little is known about African American youths’ experiences of day-to-day peer challenges and how African American (AA) families talk about everyday peer experiences (Anderson et al., 2019). Towards identifying pathways that support AA youths’ social cognitive development, we examined the link between parents’ benign cognitive reframing suggestions and youths’ social appraisals and self-efficacy, as well as youth advice-seeking as a moderator of this association. At T1, 90 AA adolescents (Mage = 12.08; SD = 1.10;50.6% boys) and their parents (Mage = 37.19; SD = 7.52; 84.3% biological mothers) participated, and T2 (10–12 months later) included 87 families. Youth reported on their social appraisals, social self-efficacy (T1, T2; Barrett et al., 1996; Muris et al., 2000), and advice-seeking from parents about peer problems (T1; Mounts, 2007). Two trained research assistants coded the quality (i.e., specificity, elaboration) of parents’ open-ended benign reframing suggestions in response to hypothetical peer challenge situations (T1; e.g., peer exclusion, anxiety about new peers; Gregson et al., 2017; Tu et al., 2017). Measures showed good reliability. Results from regression analyses revealed no main effects of parents’ benign reframing and youth advice-seeking, accounting for covariates. But advice-seeking served as a moderator such that parents’ benign reframing was associated with more positive social appraisals one year later when youth reported higher, but not lower, levels of advice-seeking. Compared to higher advice-seeking, youths’ lower advice-seeking might reflect less openness or need for parents’ help. Additional analyses revealed that when parents provided less benign reframing suggestions, youth who reported more advice-seeking, compared to less advice-seeking, had less positive social appraisals, which may reflect a mismatch between parenting behaviors and youths’ needs. No effects emerged for self-efficacy. Findings provide new knowledge about parent-youth processes related to social-cognitive skills among AA youth; implications and future directions will be discussed.
Issue Date:2021-12-07
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/114010
Rights Information:Copyright 2021 Virnaliz Jimenez
Date Available in IDEALS:2022-04-29
Date Deposited:2021-12


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