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Title:The dynamics of family poverty and immigrant-origin children’s socioemotional development and executive functioning
Author(s):Aguirre, Martha Jailene
Advisor(s):Lleras, Christy
Contributor(s):Cuthbertson, Courtney
Department / Program:Human Dvlpmt & Family Studies
Discipline:Human Dvlpmt & Family Studies
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):poverty dynamics
duration of poverty
depth of poverty
immigrant origin children
socioemotional development
executive function
Abstract:This study utilized data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-kindergarten cohort (2010-11) to examine how the duration and depth of family poverty influenced the socioemotional and behavioral development as well as executive functioning among immigrant-origin children, where at least one parent was born outside the U.S.. The results of the regression analysis show among immigrant-origin children, those who experience more years in poverty develop fewer learning-related behaviors and lower attentional focus between kindergarten and fifth grade, controlling for a host of family, child, and school characteristics. The study also revealed important racial and ethnic differences. Black immigrant-origin children were rated by their teachers as having fewer interpersonal skills and lower inhibitory control compared to Latinx children. Asian immigrant-origin children tended to have significantly better scores on social, behavioral, and executive functioning compared to Latinx immigrant-origin children. Additionally, children in single-parent households had poorer developmental outcomes, regardless of poverty status. The study highlights the need for more research that examines variation in child outcomes within immigrant populations as well as a focus on a wider range of developmental outcomes shown to be important for educational success and child well-being including interpersonal skills and attentional focus.
Issue Date:2021-12-07
Rights Information:Copyright 2021 Martha Aguirre
Date Available in IDEALS:2022-04-29
Date Deposited:2021-12

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