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Title:Acceleration of deep learning applications for astrophysics on FPGAs
Author(s):Yun, Mengshen
Advisor(s):Kindratenko, Volodymyr
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):FPGAs
neural networks
deep learning
astrophysics
Abstract:Deep learning algorithms have been widely used in the past decade due to their effectiveness and robustness in information processing in various scientific domains. With the evolvement of large-scale datasets and deep learning applications used for gravitational wave astrophysics and large-scale electromagnetic surveys, an accessible and efficient framework is essential to accelerate domain-specific applications on acceleration platforms. Although CPUs and GPUs are common platforms for training and inferencing deep learning applications given their ease-of-use and support for popular deep learning frameworks, field-programmable gate array (FPGA)-based accelerators have rapidly gained their popularity because of their capacity to deliver superior performance for real-time applications with relatively low power consumption. In this thesis, we investigate the process of porting deep learning algorithms developed for Multi-Messenger Astrophysics and particle physics on FPGA accelerators and propose a cyberinfrastructure that enables the use of FPGAs to accelerate algorithms inference. Also, we explore and evaluate three main development stacks, hls4ml, Vitis AI, and TVM, used for deploying deep neural network (DNN) models on cloud FPGA-based hardware accelerators.
Issue Date:2021-12-09
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/114026
Rights Information:Copyright 2021 Mengshen Yun
Date Available in IDEALS:2022-04-29
Date Deposited:2021-12


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