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Title:Sexual assault revictimzation among sexual minority individuals: A systematic review and meta analysis
Author(s):Blackburn, Allyson Marie
Advisor(s):Allen, Nicole E.
Contributor(s):Garthe, Rachel
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):sexual violence
sexual assault
sexual minority
Abstract:Sexual assault is highly prevalent and can cause lifelong health consequences. Childhood sexual assault (CSA) survivors are at risk for adult sexual violence victimization and rates of revictimization are high. Sexual minority people are at increased risk for CSA, adult sexual assault, and other forms of sexual abuse. Sexual minority survivors of sexual violence face additional barriers following experiences of victimization, especially for disclosures and reporting of violence, and in accessing mental health resources. Increased shame and stigma, and decreased social support are all risk factors for revictimization, and are all heightened in sexual minority communities, suggesting that sexual minorities may be at elevated risk for revictimization. The aim of the current study was to conduct a meta-analysis on the prevalence of sexual violence revictimization among sexual minority survivors of sexual violence, as well as to examine risk and protective factors for revictimization and outcomes of revictimization. Of the 424 articles reviewed, eleven met our inclusion criteria and were deemed eligible for further review (k=11, n=15,491, n sexual minority= 8955; n heterosexual = 6536). Rates of revictimization among sexual minority individuals were high, with a meta-analysis finding a pooled rate of 50.0% (95% confidence Interval [.356, .645]). Sexual assault revictimization was prevalent among sexual minority individuals, and greater attention to sexual minority populations is necessary for implementing sexual violence resources and sexual violence prevention efforts.
Issue Date:2021-12-07
Rights Information:Copyright 2021 Allyson Blackburn
Date Available in IDEALS:2022-04-29
Date Deposited:2021-12

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