Files in this item



application/pdfTR186.pdf (2MB)
ACRC Technical Report 186PDF


Title:Simulating the Performance of a Heat Exchanger During Frosting
Author(s):Verma, P.; Bullard, C.W.; Hrnjak, P.S.
Contributor(s):Wu, Y.
substrate energy
frost growth
Abstract:Factors affecting frost distribution are explored using a finite element model, developed and validated using a full-scale 8-row heat exchanger in a wind tunnel. The heat exchanger is typical of the type used in supermarket display cases; so face velocities and air inlet temperatures were varied from 0.5-2.3 m/s and 0 to -20 °C, respectively, and inlet humidities from 70-90%. In order to focus on frost distribution, the prototype was designed to have a simple geometry and single-phase refrigerant to provide maximum certainty on parameters not directly related to frost. Measured and predicted total and sensible heat transfer agreed within RMS 6% and 8%, respectively, over the range of operating conditions. For latent heat, there was more scatter due to frost nonuniformities induced by the experimental apparatus. The simulation model was used to illustrate how the point of maximum frost thickness moved from the front to the rear of the heat exchanger, depending on face velocity, inlet humidity and fin surface temperature. Heat transfer and pressure drop were calculated from standard correlations, with fin thickness and tube diameter increasing as a function of frost thickness. The model was further extended to simulate the performance of the heat exchanger under the effect of a fan curve. A comparison is made between DX and indirect refrigeration system performance with respect to capacity, pressure drop and air flow variations under frosting conditions.
Issue Date:2001-06
Publisher:Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center. College of Engineering. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Series/Report:Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center TR-186
Genre:Technical Report
Sponsor:Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Project 106
Date Available in IDEALS:2009-06-04

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics