1990: Artificial intelligence and expert systems : will they change the library?
27th Clinic on Library Applications of Data Processing. Edited by F.W. Lancaster and Linda C. Smith
"Artificial intelligence" and "expert systems" are terms that have appeared with increasing frequency in the literature of library and information science. Some writers have been cautious in their claims, but others have been rather extravagant, implying the existence of capabilities well beyond those of systems that now exist or are likely to in the immediate future. Misuse of the terminology has also occurred in the literature; in particular, the term "artificial intelligence" has been applied to techniques that involve computation but no real intelligence. The 27th Annual Clinic on Library Applications of Data Processing, held March 25-27, 1990, at the University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign, was designed to correct some of these misconceptions by presenting a balanced picture of present and potential capabilities of artificial intelligence and expert systems.
The complete text of the proceedings is available here as well as the individual papers. The papers included here are:
- Artificial Intelligence: What Will They Think of Next? - Douglas P. Metzler
- Technical Services Processes as Models for Assessing Expert System Suitability and Benefits - Charles Fenly
- Automated Cataloging: Implications for Libraries and Patrons - Stuart Weibel
- Interactive Knowledge-Based Systems for Improved Subject Analysis and Retrieval - Susanne M. Humphrey
- Reference Expert Systems: Foundations in Reference Theory - James R. Parrott
- Expert Systems at the National Agricultural Library: Past, Present, and Future - Samuel T. Waters
- User Models for Information Systems: Prospects and Problems - Christine L. Borgman and Yolanda I. Plute
- Natural Language Processing: Current Status for Libraries - Amy Warner
- Knowledge Representation in Artificial Intelligence - Irene L. Travis
- Intelligent Interfaces to Online Databases - Brian C. Vickery
- Expert Systems in Document Delivery: The Feasibility of Learning Capabilities - Jaime Pontigo, Ezequiel Tovar-Reyes, Guillermo Rodriguez, and Sergio Ortiz-Gama
- Walking Your Talk: Why Information Managers are Not High Tech - W. David Penniman
The Proceedings of the Clinic on Library Applications of Data Processing have been digitized through the Open Content Alliance at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
(Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 1990)This paper discusses the role of technology in creating successful information services, and also the important role of people in creating successful implementations of new technologies. Much has been written about the ...
(Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 1990)To solve the problem of document delivery in Mexico, the authors developed SEADO (Expert System for Document Supply). SEADO consists of three main components: a knowledge base, an expert system shell, and the database. ...
(Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign., 1990)The possible functions of intelligent interfaces are summarized. Five examples of recent or current European projects on the development of interfaces are described: INSERM, GIRT, EURISKO, ERLI/ MINITEL, and IMIS. A ...
The problems of knowledge representation and use in expert systems and the problems of organizing and searching information in libraries and other bibliographic systems have much in common. There are two basic paradigms ...
A general introduction to natural language processing is provided, including a definition and an overview of how natural language processing systems work. Representative systems from both the research and applied sectors ...