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Regional Warehouse Trip Production Analysis: Chicago Metro Area

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Title: Regional Warehouse Trip Production Analysis: Chicago Metro Area
Author(s): DeVries, Jon B.; Dermisi, Sofia V.
Subject(s): warehouse trips chicago metro
Abstract: This research report provides primary research data and analysis on heavy truck trip generation and characteristics from regional distribution centers (RDC) and similar facilities in an effort to facilitate future public policy making regarding roadway transportation needs as well as land-use and economic development decisions. The report also provides secondary data and information on intermodal freight transportation - its growth and its economic impacts – to provide a regional, national, and international context for the research. The primary data was obtained from a field survey of 12 distribution centers of various scales (7 of them regional) in Northeast Illinois. The 12 facilities and their supervisory personnel were visited by the research team and analyzed in depth for their general business characteristics (e.g. type of goods, number of employees, hours of operation etc.), property characteristics (e.g. location, facility size, ceiling height) and their truck trip productions (e.g. number of arrivals-departures, geographic distribution of inbound-outbound movement, volume per quarter etc.). The findings of this research project in reference to the 12 facilities indicate the uniqueness and significant complexity of the distribution centers. There is clear evidence of an increase in size (sq. ft & ceiling) and automation (racking systems) of the newer facilities as well as 24-hour operations. The comparison of daily heavy truck movement shows significant arrival concentration between 8am-10am and 8pm- 6am. In contrast the heaviest departure activity is between 4-6pm. The majority of originating freight is from the Midwest with the outbound distributions also being allocated regionally then nationally and internationally (minimal allocation). Another result was the increased volume concentration in the third quarter of each year between July and September. The above results along with the significant expansions of RDC facilities in the last few years indicate the additional need for studying the locations of the various facilities and the heavy truck traffic volume they generate. The results should also be useful in determining the economics benefits/costs and impacts of these facilities for purposes of making infrastructure investment, economic incentive, and land use decisions.
Issue Date: 2008-10
Publisher: Illinois Center for Transportation (ICT)
Series/Report: FHWA-ICT-08-025
Genre: Technical Report
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/13712
Publication Status: published or submitted for publication
Peer Reviewed: is peer reviewed
Sponsor: Illinois Center for Transportation R27-15
Date Available in IDEALS: 2009-09-09
 

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