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Structural Research Series 417PDF


Title:Time-Dependent Prestress Losses in Pretensioned Concrete Construction
Alternative Title:Issued as a Documentation Report on The Field Investigation of Prestressed Reinforced Concrete Highway Bridges, Project IHR 93, Phase 1, Illinois Cooperative Highway Research Program
Author(s):Hernandez, Hector David; Gamble, W.L.
Subject(s):Prestressed concrete beams
highway bridges
Concrete -- Creep
Abstract:Theoretical time-dependent deformations and prestress losses in pretensioned, prestressed simply supported concrete girders, based on the revised rate of creep method, are presented. The effects of age of precast girders at the time of casting of the deck concrete, time of transfer of prestress, deck dead load, type of prestressing strands (stress-relieved or low-relaxation strands), initial level of stress in the concrete, and the effects of varying environmental conditions on the behavior of concrete structures are studied. Predicted unit creep and shrinkage strains versus time relationships are based on the 1970 C.E.B. recommendations and relaxation losses for stress-relieved strands are estimated using the expressions developed by Magura, Sozen, and Siess. A similar expression is used for the case of low-relaxation strands. Predicted deformations are compared with long-term measurements made on full-sized bridge structures located in Illinois. Annual cyclic variations of the total strains and total prestress force occur in all structures located outdoors. Two recommended sets of factors for the estimation of prestress losses are given, one for the case of stress-relieved strands and the other for the case of low-relaxation strands.
Issue Date:1975-05
Publisher:University of Illinois Engineering Experiment Station. College of Engineering. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Series/Report:Civil Engineering Studies SRS-417
Genre:Technical Report
Sponsor:State of Illinois Department of Transportation
U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration
Date Available in IDEALS:2009-09-25
Identifier in Online Catalog:2686534

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