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Structural Research Series 586PDF


Title:Size and Deformation Limits to Maintain Constraint in Kic and Jc of Bend Specimens
Author(s):Koppenhoefer, K.C.; Dodds, Robert H., Jr.; Kirk, M.T.
Subject(s):Fracture toughness
Abstract:The ASTM Standard Test Method for Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials (E399-83) restricts test specimen dimensions to insure the measurement of highly constrained fracture toughness values (Kic). These requirements insure small-scale yielding conditions at fracture, and thereby the validity of linear elastic fracture mechanics. When these conditions are satisfied, the diameter of the plastic zone is nearly twenty five times smaller than all specimen dimensions. The need for this degree 'of plastic zone confinement, set by the factor 2.5 in a, b, B > 2.5(Kq/oys)2 was based on Kic data for many different alloys. These data show that all specimens satisfying the size requirements of E399 produce highly constrained fracture toughness values. However, the required multiplier ranges from 1.0 for certain steel alloys to 2.5 for titanium alloy 6-6-2 in the aged condition. To maintain a standard test method applicable to all materials, the more restrictive 2.5 value has been retained by ASTM Committee E08. Recently, Dodds and Anderson have proposed a less restrictive size requirement for cleavage fracture toughness measured in terms of the J-integral (Jc ). Dodds and Anderson performed finite element analyses to calculate the ratio of J in the finite-sized specimen (JSE(B)) to J under small-scale yielding (JSSY) needed to produce equivalent stresses ahead of both crack tips, and thereby equivalent conditions for cleavage fracture. The proposed size requirement specifies the deformation level at which JSE(B) / JSSY deviates from unity for deeply cracked bend specimens, and is given by a, b, B > 200 Jc/oo . The size requirement proposed by Dodds and Anderson increases the utility of fracture toughness experiments by expanding the range of conditions over which such data can be reliably measured. This investigation compares the proposed size requirement with that of AS Trvi Standard Test Method E399 and, by comparison with published experimental data, provides validation of the new requirements.
Issue Date:1994-01
Publisher:University of Illinois Engineering Experiment Station. College of Engineering. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Series/Report:Civil Engineering Studies SRS-586
Genre:Technical Report
Sponsor:U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research. Division of Engineering.
Date Available in IDEALS:2009-11-12

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