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Title:Estimating Out-of-Plane Strength of Cracked Masonry Infills
Author(s):Shapiro, D.; Uzarski, J.; Webster, M.; Angel, R.; Abrams, Daniel P.
Subject(s):Seismic strength
Masonry infills
Abstract:The primary objective of the research project was to determine the transverse (out-of-plane) seismic strength of unreinforced masonry infill panels that have been cracked with in-plane lateral forces. The goal of the research was to develop a simple method that practicing engineers could use for evaluating strength of infill panels that have been damaged in earthquakes. In addition, the feasibility of using a low-cost repair or rehabilitation technique for improving transverse strength was examined. A total of 22 tests were run on eight large-scale masonry infill panels that were constructed in a single bay, single story reinforced concrete frame. Test panels were first subjected to in-plane load reversals to create a pre-existing cracked, damaged state for the subsequent out-of-plane tests which were done with an air bag. Following this test sequence, selected damaged panels were repaired and retested. Previous in-plane cracking was found to reduce out-of-plane strength by as much as a factor of two. However, transverse strength of a cracked masonry infill was found to be appreciable because of arching action. A simple equation was developed for out-of-plane strength based on the masonry compressive strength, the hit ratio, the amount of in-plane damage and the stiffness of the bounding frame. An evaluation procedure was developed based on this procedure.
Issue Date:1994-03
Publisher:University of Illinois Engineering Experiment Station. College of Engineering. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Series/Report:Civil Engineering Studies SRS-588
Genre:Technical Report
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/14209
Sponsor:National Science Foundation Grants BCS 90-16875 and BCS 90-16509
Date Available in IDEALS:2009-11-12


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