|Title:||Identifying the Library's Public and Community
|Author(s):||McCormick, Peter J.
|Subject(s):||Reference services (Libraries)
|Abstract:||A community has been described as "a constellation of institutions,
organizations, and associations held together by
their relationship with each other." To that, should be added
"for the purposes of affording opportunities for individual development
and expression, while promoting the common good.
This institute is concerned with the library's role in this constellation,
and particularly with its role as the community in- -
formation center. As B.R. Berelson has noted in The Li -
brary's Public, the library has many publics in the sense of
distinctive groups making distinctive demands or having particular
library needs. * This is also true of its reference services.
The purpose here is to identify some of these publics
that have need of the library as the community information
In discussing the library's publics there is a tendency to
think of statistical aggregates, each mutually exclusive and
with definite and rigid characteristics. But these groups are
composed of individuals and these individuals are often members
of different groups in their use of library services. Moreover,
the interests and needs of these individuals vary in intensity
both in point of time and as compared with other members
of their groups. For example, many people have mutual
enthusiasms, some interests in common but of varying intensities,
and some completely different. A good community information
center will not only anticipate these wide and varying
needs but will also gear its reference skills and resources so
as to effectively satisfy specific individual requests. It will be
able to provide simple factual information with dispatch and
will be equally prepared to marshall its complete resources
and skills for the person who wishes to pursue a subject in
depth. Moreover, it will have knowledge of and access toother
resources that will supplement its own.
|Publisher:||Graduate School of Library Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
|Citation Info:||In R.B.Phelps and J.Phillips (eds). 1957. The library as a community information center; papers presented at an institute conducted by the University of Illinois Library School, September 29-October 2, 1957. Urbana, Il: Graduate School of Library Science: 12-17.
|Series/Report:||Allerton Park Institute (4th : 1957)
|Genre:||Conference Paper / Presentation
|Publication Status:||published or submitted for publication
|Rights Information:||Copyright owned by Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois 1957.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2007-07-13