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Title:Transnationalizing Families: Race, Multiculturalism and Transnational Adoption
Author(s):Kubo, Kazuyo
Director of Research:Stevens, Gillian
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Stevens, Gillian
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Jung, Moon-Kie; Kenney, Catherine T.; Marshall, Anna-Maria; Zerai, Assata
Department / Program:Sociology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):interracial adoption
transnational adoption
transracial family
Abstract:This dissertation analyzes how people situate race when defining their own families through transnational adoption. Drawing from literature on multiculturalism, post civil rights colorblind racism, and family formation, I argue that perspectives on multiculturalism, colorblind ideology, and existing racial hierarchy significantly affect how prospective adoptive parents and adoption agency workers view race after the decision to create a family through transnational adoption. I first outline a brief history of transnational adoption and introduce some of the key actors that are involved in transnational adoption processes. I, then, provide an overview of demographic characteristics of families that contain adopted children from overseas by using data drawn from the 2000 U.S. Census. These analyses show that in cases where the parents’ race does not match their adopted child’s race, an overwhelming number of parents adopt Asian children. Turning to the data drawn from interviews and participant observation, I discuss how the adoption agencies educate adoptive parents in regards to how those parents build multicultural/multiracial families. I argue that presumptive notions of multiculturalism and acknowledgements of racism have influenced how adoption agencies educate adoptive parents. Finally, drawing on my interviews with adoptive parents, I examine how they internalize ideas about different racial groups. The discussion includes how adoptive parents decide to adopt transnationally as opposed to adopting domestically. I also investigate how their own perceptions of racial stereotypes and their perceptions of the communities in which they reside influence their understanding of race.
Issue Date:2010-01-06
Rights Information:Copyright 2009 Kazuyo Kubo
Date Available in IDEALS:2010-01-06
Date Deposited:December 2

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