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Title:Dynamic and quasi-static contact and scratch analysis of micro-nanoscale thin solid films with application to magnetic storage hard disk drives
Author(s):Katta, Raja Ramakanth
Director of Research:Polycarpou, Andreas A.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Polycarpou, Andreas A.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Tortorelli, Daniel A.; Conry, Thomas F.; Bergman, Daniel A.
Department / Program:Mechanical Sci & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
contact mechanics
nanomechanical properties
finite element analysis
magnetic storage tribology
head disk interface
operational shock
elastic-plastic contact
oblique impact
coefficient of restitution
flash temperature
sliding contact
scratch-induced demagnetization
Abstract:With current demand for decreased size of micro/nanoscale systems, coupled with increased mobility, critical understanding of the ensuing contact or impact related behavior of thin solid films used in these systems is of paramount importance for improved design and reliability. In modern micro/nanodevice technologies significant emphasis has to be placed on the design of thin-films which can provide the required contact and scratch resistance. To aid this endeavor, scientific studies of the contact and scratch processes in these systems, both static and dynamic are needed to provide the tools necessary to help the advancement of these technologies. One such problem is the impact contact or quasi-static contact and scratch of the slider and disk in magnetic storage hard disk drives (HDD). Similar contact problems are encountered during the operation of other micromechanical systems like RF-MEMS switches where surface damage is observed after cyclic contact. One of the most critical elements of multilayer contact analysis is proper determination of the nanomechanical properties of each thin-film on the multilayer system. In the first part of this work the method of determining the mechanical properties using the Oliver and Pharr (O-P) nanoindentation technique is described. For nanometer sized thin-films where the O-P technique gives incorrect results, an improved method is used. Later a dimensional analysis-based method to obtain the mechanical properties from the nanoindentation data is implemented for magnetic storage films. A direct comparison of the properties obtained from conventional O-P nanoindentation technique to this new technique is presented. In the second part of this work, the effect of dynamic contact or impact on multilayer thin films specific to magnetic storage hard disk drives is presented. Since there are no impact models available for multilayer thin films in the literature, a new contact mechanics-based (CM) semi-analytical model of a rigid sphere (representing a slider corner) impacting an elastic-plastic (E-P) multilayer thin-film half-space was proposed for the first time to examine the potential damage to a magnetic storage head disk interface (HDI). A dynamic 3D finite element analysis (FEA) model was also developed to examine the impact damage in more detail and validate the impact model. To characterize the plastic deformation and frictional energy losses associated with the impact damage, a comprehensive oblique elastic impact coefficient of restitution (COR) model was proposed for elastic-plastic impacts for the first time and validated using FEA. A method to decouple the oblique impact parameters into normal impact COR and tangential impact COR was formulated. Since, in microsystems, the geometry of the impacting bodies is not limited to spherical bodies, a new contact mechanics-based (CM) model of a rigid cylinder with a finite length impacting an elastic-plastic homogeneous disk was also proposed and includes a novel method of estimating the residual depth after impact. Based on elastic unloading, an improved coefficient of restitution model was also proposed. This new impact model was applied to study a practical case of a cylindrical feature on the slider of a magnetic storage hard disk drive impacting the disk to predict various critical impact contact parameters. The CM model was validated using a plane strain FEA-based model and it was found that a cylindrical feature with longer length results in a substantial alleviation of impact damage. The final part of this work involved the investigation of the performance of thin-film multilayers while under the influence of much milder quasi-static contact scratch. A 2D plane strain FEA model of a rigid cylinder sliding over a multilayered thin-film half space was developed. The effects of different contact parameters such as applied normal load, friction coefficient and radius of curvature of the cylinder on the critical stresses in the multilayer system were analyzed. Later, for direct experimental comparison a full-blown 3D quasi-static FEA-based nanoscratch model of the multilayer thin-film system was also developed. The FEA scratch results were compared to nanoscratch experiments performed on actual magnetic disks. Consequently, the 3D FEA scratch model was used to quantitatively correlate the subsurface plastic deformation to the magnetic erasures typically found in HDDs due to scratch for the very first time.
Issue Date:2010-01-06
Rights Information:Copyright 2009 Raja Katta
Date Available in IDEALS:2010-01-06
Date Deposited:December 2

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