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Title:A conversation analytic examination of alignment and disalignment in broadcast political news interviews
Author(s):Shalash, Dana
Advisor(s):Koshik, Irene
Contributor(s):Koshik, Irene
Department / Program:English as an Intl Language
Discipline:Teaching of English Sec Lang
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Conversation Analysis
political news interviews
political discourse
question design
membership categorizations
Arab-Israeli discourse
institutional talk
United Nations Media Stakeout
Abstract:The present study uses a Conversation Analytic (CA) framework to investigate how interviewers and interviewees display political alignment or disalignment with each other in news interviews. It looks at interviewers’ use and design of questions: negated questions; prefaced questions; disjunctive and prefaced questions. It, then, examines both interviewers’ and interviewees’ use of membership categorization devices as a means of displaying even stronger alignment and disalignment. Use of ethnic and religious categories such as ‘brother’ and ‘friend’ are examined as well as the use of attributes such as ‘terrorist.’ The final section of this thesis examines instances of code-switching to display alignment. Data used in this thesis are taken from video-taped interviews with ambassadors concerned with the ‘Question of Palestine’ and were collected from the United Nations web archive. Taken as a whole, this thesis could be used to compare political discourse in one culture/language with the discourses of other cultures. This type of comparison is needed for better cross cultural media relations and diplomatic negotiations, especially at international institutions such as the United Nations.
Issue Date:2010-01-06
Rights Information:Copyright 2009 Dana Shalash
Date Available in IDEALS:2010-01-06
Date Deposited:December 2

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