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Title:Determination of soybean cultivar resistance to soybean cyst nematode with quantitative polymerase chain reaction
Author(s):Lopez Nicora, Horacio D.
Advisor(s):Niblack, Terry L.
Contributor(s):Niblack, Terry L.
Department / Program:Crop Sciences
Discipline:Crop Sciences
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):real-time qPCR
inoculation method
soybean cyst nematode
Abstract:Heterodera glycines, the soybean cyst nematode, is the major pathogen of Glycine max (soybean). Effective management of this pathogen is contingent on the use of resistant cultivars, thus screening for resistant cultivars is essential. The purpose of this research was to develop a method to assess infection of soybean roots by H. glycines with real-time quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR), a prelude to differentiation of resistance levels in soybean cultivars. Two experiments were conducted. In the first one, a consistent inoculation method was developed using to provide active second-stage juveniles (J2). Two-day-old soybean roots were infested with 0 and 1000 J2/mL. Twenty-four hours after infestation, the roots were surface sterilized and DNA was extracted with the DNA FastKit (MP Biomedicals, Santa Ana, CA)). For the qPCR assay, primer pair for single copy gene HgSNO, which codes for a protein involved in the production of vitamin B6, was selected for H. glycines DNA amplification within soybean roots. In the second experiment, compatible Lee 74, incompatible Peking and cultivars with different levels of resistance to H. glycines were inoculated with 0 and 1,000 J2/seedlings. Twenty-four hours post inoculation they were transplanted into pasteurized soil. Subsequently they were harvested at 1, 7, 10, 14 and 21 days post inoculation for DNA extraction. With the qPCR assay, the time needed to differentiate highly resistant cultivars from the rest was reduced. Quantification of H. glycines infection by traditional means (numbers of females produced in 30 days) is a time-consuming practice; the qPCR method can replace the traditional one and improve precision in determining infection levels.
Issue Date:2010-01-06
Rights Information:Copyright 2009 Horacio Daniel Lopez Nicora
Date Available in IDEALS:2010-01-06
Date Deposited:December 2

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