Files in this item



application/pdf1_Martinez_Victor.pdf (40MB)
(no description provided)PDF


Title:Etrusco-Italic Herclé: a study in the formation of image, cult, and regional identity
Author(s):Martinez, Victor M.
Director of Research:Hostetter, Eric R.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Hostetter, Eric R.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Dengate, James; Wisseman, Sarah U.; Wood, Jeryldene M.
Department / Program:Art & Design
Discipline:Art History
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Richard White
Mary Helms
Abstract:My dissertation traces the Italic roots for the iconographies and roles of Herakles in central and northern Italy (i.e., Etrusco-Italic Herclé) prior to Roman hegemony (ca. 1000-300 BCE). The thesis begins with the premise that this hero-god, commonly known as Herclé, after his Greek namesake, may have had an indigenous ancestry in central and northern Italy. I argue that, although one cannot trace a direct teleological evolution for Herclé that goes back to the beginning of anthropomorphization, earlier and more anonymous Italic hero-figures embody indigenous and deeply rooted cultural meanings that are evident in subsequent representations of Herclé. In shaping my theorization of the indigenous, Italic roots of Herclé, I draw especially on the work of Richard White and Mary Helms. White’s concept of the “middle ground,” which refers to both a geographic location (literally a space of interaction) and a cultural stance (the overlap or place between two differing cultures) is a compelling lens through which to understand the interaction between Greeks and Italic populations. Helms outlines a theory of how distance affects the formation of ideology among ruling elites, such that spatial and temporal distances become linked and equivalent on a cosmological scale. In applying these ideas to the study of objects, I used quantitative elements such as iconography and materiality to get at underlying socio-cultural structure and meaning at both local and regional levels.
Issue Date:2010-01-06
Rights Information:Copyright 2009 Victor M Martinez
Date Available in IDEALS:2010-01-06
Date Deposited:December 2

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics