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Title:Exploring protein-RNA interactions with site-directed mutagenesis and phage display
Author(s):Fan, Yan
Director of Research:Baranger, Anne M.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Baranger, Anne M.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Katzenellenbogen, John A.; Zhao, Huimin; Silverman, Scott K.
Department / Program:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):the RNA recognition motif
Phage display
Abstract:The importance of RNA as a mediator of genetic information is widely appreciated. RNA molecules also participate in the regulation of various post-transcriptional activities, such as mRNA splicing, editing, RNA stability and transport. Their regulatory roles for these activities are highly dependent on finely tuned associations with cognate proteins. The RNA recognition motif (RRM) is an ancient RNA binding module that participates in hundreds of essential activities where specific RNA recognition is required. We have applied phage display and site-directed mutagenesis to dissect principles of RRM-controlled RNA recognition. The model systems we are investigating are U1A and CUG-BP1. In this dissertation, the molecular basis of the binding affinity of U1A-RNA beyond individual contacts was investigated. We have identified and evaluated the contributions of the local cooperativity formed by three neighboring residues (Asn15, Asn16 and Glu19) to the stability of the U1A-RNA complex. The localized cooperative network was mapped by double-mutant cycles and explored using phage display. We also showed that a cluster of these residues forms a “hot spot” on the surface of U1A; a single substitution at position 19 with Gln or His can alter the binding properties of U1A to recognize a non-cognate G4U RNA. Finally, we applied a deletion analysis of CUG-BP1 to define the contributions of individual RRMs and RRM combinations to the stability of the complex formed between CUG-BP1 and the GRE sequence. The preliminary results showed RRM3 of CUG-BP1 is a key domain for RNA binding. It possibly binds to the GRE sequence cooperatively with RRM2 of CUG-BP1. RRM1 of CUG-BP1 is not required for GRE recognition, but may be important for maintaining the stability of the full-length CUG-BP1.
Issue Date:2010-01-06
Rights Information:Copyright 2009 Yan Fan
Date Available in IDEALS:2010-01-06
Date Deposited:December 2

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