# Browse Division of Nutritional Sciences by Title

• (2012-09-18)
Breast milk is the optimal form of nutrition for the human infant. In the U.S., 77% of women initiate breastfeeding immediately after birth, but by 6 months post-partum, only 43% are still breastfeeding with only 13% being ...

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• (2012-07-24)
Neonates face a dramatic transition at birth as they move from the protected womb to an environment full of foreign antigens. Due to limited prenatal exposure to antigens, newborns initially rely on their innate immune ...

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• (2010-08-31)
Background: Compromised barrier function and bacterial translocation are common complications of short bowel syndrome (SBS) and parenteral nutrition (PN). Although mucins help prevent intestinal bacteria translocation, ...

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• (2011-08-25)
Overweight dogs have a reduced life expectancy and increased risk of chronic disease. During obesity development, adipose tissue undergoes major expansion and remodeling, but the biological processes involved are not well ...

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• (2010-08-31)
Adverse increases in adiposity and reductions in lean soft tissue (LST) are age related changes in body composition and are linked to an increased risk for metabolic disease and declines in physical function in older women. ...

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• (2013-08-22)
A two-stage feeding system for dry cows (far-off plus close-up groups) has been used by farmers for a long time. However, little basic research has been conducted to evaluate the effects of such approach on liver function. ...

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• (1993)
The objective of this research was to evaluate the effects of dietary heated fats from a commercial deep-fat frying operation and of cyclic fatty acids (CFA) on rat liver enzyme activity. The fats were partially hydrogenated ...

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• (1995)
A large body of literature exists regarding the effects of dietary protein on blood lipids in adult humans and animals; however, little is known of the action that protein source may have on cholesterol levels in infants. ...

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• (2011-01-21)
Infant formula is consumed by the majority of infants in the United States for at least part of the first year of life. Infant formula lacks many of the bioactive compounds that are naturally occurring in breast milk. ...

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• (2012-06-27)
Obesity is linked to increased intestinal permeability that may contribute to low grade inflammation. Fructan prebiotics have been demonstrated to increase intestinal resistance and decrease systemic inflammation. The ...

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• (1993)
Effects of individual fatty acids on lipoprotein synthesis and secretion were studied in Hep-G2 cells. The cellular uptake rate of 18:0, 18:1, 18:2 and 18:3 was very similar. The synthesis of triglyceride was significantly ...

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• (2015-01-21)
The work described in this dissertation is focused on two major areas: the biological effects of ultrasound and ultrasound contrast agents, and nutritional interventions to inhibit the development of atherosclerosis. Ultrasound ...

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• (1994)
Increased cytoplasmic and nuclear selenium retention in CMT-13 cells was correlated with cell growth inhibition caused by selenite supplementation. Greater quantities of cytosolic selenium-containing proteins and a nuclear ...

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• (2011-08-26)
Milk contains numerous bioactive substances including immunoglobulins, cytokines, growth factors and components that exert antibiotic and prebiotic activity (Field, 2005). Little is known about the biological effects of ...

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• (2013-05-28)
In 2011, preterm births accounted for approximately 12% of all births in the United States (1). Preterm infants have an immature gastrointestinal tract and are at increased risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis, ...

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• (2014-05-30)
Age associated cognitive decline in human and rodents has been linked with decreases in hippocampal neurogenesis and a chronic low grade inflammation in the central nervous system. Physical exercise increases neurogenesis ...

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• (2011-08-25)
Epidemiological studies have linked high consumption of tomatoes and cruciferous vegetables to decreased risk of prostate cancer. Several bioactive components isolated from cruciferous vegetables and tomatoes exhibit ...

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• (1994)
This manuscript chronicles the evaluation and development of the preruminant calf as a model for the study of the absorption, transport and metabolism of $\beta$-carotene in the human. The pattern of serum appearance and ...

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• (2014-05-30)
Adenosine is a pleotropic purine nucleoside with actions ranging from neurotransmission to immunomodulation. Pathologic processes that trigger cellular stress and damage also cause significant increases in local and systemic ...

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• (2012-06-27)
Carotenoids are very abundant in nature and their consumption has numerous positive health outcomes. There are two known enzymes that are responsible for cleaving carotenoids in to their metabolites. β-carotene is cleaved ...

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