# Browse Division of Nutritional Sciences by Title

• (2011-08-25)
Epidemiological studies have linked high consumption of tomatoes and cruciferous vegetables to decreased risk of prostate cancer. Several bioactive components isolated from cruciferous vegetables and tomatoes exhibit ...

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• (1994)
This manuscript chronicles the evaluation and development of the preruminant calf as a model for the study of the absorption, transport and metabolism of $\beta$-carotene in the human. The pattern of serum appearance and ...

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• (2014-05-30)
Adenosine is a pleotropic purine nucleoside with actions ranging from neurotransmission to immunomodulation. Pathologic processes that trigger cellular stress and damage also cause significant increases in local and systemic ...

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• (2012-06-27)
Carotenoids are very abundant in nature and their consumption has numerous positive health outcomes. There are two known enzymes that are responsible for cleaving carotenoids in to their metabolites. β-carotene is cleaved ...

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• (1996)
Described here is the first known application of differential display to isolate genes regulated by level of dietary lipids in female BALB/c mice. Differences were revealed with all five primer pairs tested. Nine fragments ...

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• (2011-05-25)
Trans-10, cis-12-conjugated linoleic acid (trans-10, cis-12-CLA) has been reported to reduce body fat mass but accompanied by increased liver mass. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms have been unknown. Our study ...

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• (2012-06-27)
ABSTRACT The rate of childhood obesity has more than tripled in the past 30 years from 5% to 18%. The risk of developing Type 2 diabetes increases in a dose-dependent manner with the increase in body mass index. ...

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• (2014-05-30)
Hypoglycemia is the most common acute complication associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 1 and advanced Type 2), which affects 300,000-500,000 individuals of all ages in the United States, with 30,000 ...

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• (1995)
We have investigated the influence of the level of dietary fat on hepatic stearoyl CoA desaturase 1 (Scd1) and Low Fat Mammary 1 (Lfm1) expression and describe the structural organization of the Lfm1 gene. Scd1 and Lfm1 ...

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• (2010-05-18)
Obesity is a harmful and costly condition which continues to increase in prevalence. Co-morbidities accompanying this disease include brain-based disorders that impact cognition and mood. Anhedonia is a biobehavior ...

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• (2013-05-24)
Infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in infants and children world-wide. However, the severity of response of neonates to rotavirus (RV) infection or their ability to generate sufficient antibodies ...

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• (2010-01-06)
The purpose of this research was to measure and evaluate lifestyle changes affecting bone health. Osteoporosis is a public health concern. Improving bone health, thereby preventing osteoporosis and fractures, can lead ...

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• (2013-05-28)
Antibiotics have been used in animal feed to promote weight gain, improve feed efficiency, and control disease since the 1950s. Concerns about antibiotic resistance have increased since the widespread use of in-feed ...

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• (2013-08-22)
Obesity has become one of the main public health concerns worldwide. Children are also affected and are now facing obesity-related health conditions once primarily found in adults (e.g., type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular ...

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• (2015-01-21)
Effective use of nutrition information is an important method of preventing or managing diet-related diseases. However, it is difficult to effectively communicate information to those in need when decision making occurs. ...

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• (2012-02-01)
Background. Childhood obesity is a severe public health problem in the United States. The STRONG Kids Program was designed to identify risk factors for excessive weight gain and obesity development in preschool-age children ...

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• (1996)
Experiments were conducted to evaluate oligosaccharides (OS) and fish oil on gastrointestinal tract characteristics and metabolic profiles of humans, pigs, and rats. Experiment 1, thirty healthy human adult males were ...

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• (2012-09-18)
A common problem parents experience with their toddlers during mealtime is picky eating. While no consistent definition exists within research, a picky eater typically consumes a limited variety of foods, avoids familiar ...

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• (1991)
Experiments were conducted with chicks to estimate the bioavailability of Fe from high fiber foods and feeds and determine if specific components of fiber affected Fe bioavailability. The effects of high fiber food and ...

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• (2012-05-22)
Iron deficiency is the most commonly reported nutritional deficiency in the world and has been linked to cognitive impairments in children. Our aim was to assess the impact of iron deficiency on cognition using neonatal ...

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