# Browse Division of Nutritional Sciences by Title

• (2011-05-25)
Placenta, as the sole transport mechanism between mother and fetus, links the maternal physical state and the immediate and life-long outcomes of the offspring. The present study examined the mechanisms behind the effect ...

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• (2014-09-16)
An insufficiency in omega-3 fatty acids has been linked to a wide variety of health concerns including Alzheimer’s disease, CHD, sub-optimal fetal development and male infertility. The long chain omega-3 docosahexaenoic ...

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• (1994)
The North American Black Bear (Ursus americanus) fasts for five months in the winter. While maintaining body temperature at 35$\sp\circ$C, the bear requires no food or water and does not urinate or defecate. Anabolic ...

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• (2013-08-22)
Statement of the problem: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is major health concern in Guatemala. Strategies to target IDA, including food fortification and supplementation, have been used with limited impact in low income, ...

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• (2012-02-06)
Chronic kidney disease is a progressive inflammatory disorder affecting approximately 15% of US adults, and the prevalence is increasing rapidly. Advanced chronic kidney disease requiring hemodialysis is associated with ...

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• (2012-06-27)
Overweight and obesity in childhood have tripled since 1980 and currently stand at 30% and 17% among 2-19-year-olds (Ogden et al., 2010), respectively. Excess fat mass in childhood is a strong predictor of obesity in ...

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• (2013-05-28)
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer and cancer related deaths in U.S. men; thus, identifying strategies to reduce PCa incidence could have a significant impact on public health. Epidemiological ...

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• (2012-06-27)
Skeletal muscle health is a key determinant of functional capacity in adults. It allows for locomotion and activities of daily living, and as a metabolically active tissue, it contributes substantially to energy expenditure. ...

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• (2010-08-31)
No clear consensus on the role of higher protein intakes has emerged, in spite of many decades of research. Protein unambiguously increases urinary calcium losses, which is completely attributable to the dietary acid load ...

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• (2012-09-18)
Breast milk is the optimal form of nutrition for the human infant. In the U.S., 77% of women initiate breastfeeding immediately after birth, but by 6 months post-partum, only 43% are still breastfeeding with only 13% being ...

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• (2012-07-24)
Neonates face a dramatic transition at birth as they move from the protected womb to an environment full of foreign antigens. Due to limited prenatal exposure to antigens, newborns initially rely on their innate immune ...

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• (2010-08-31)
Background: Compromised barrier function and bacterial translocation are common complications of short bowel syndrome (SBS) and parenteral nutrition (PN). Although mucins help prevent intestinal bacteria translocation, ...

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• (2011-08-25)
Overweight dogs have a reduced life expectancy and increased risk of chronic disease. During obesity development, adipose tissue undergoes major expansion and remodeling, but the biological processes involved are not well ...

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• (2010-08-31)
Adverse increases in adiposity and reductions in lean soft tissue (LST) are age related changes in body composition and are linked to an increased risk for metabolic disease and declines in physical function in older women. ...

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• (2013-08-22)
A two-stage feeding system for dry cows (far-off plus close-up groups) has been used by farmers for a long time. However, little basic research has been conducted to evaluate the effects of such approach on liver function. ...

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• (1993)
The objective of this research was to evaluate the effects of dietary heated fats from a commercial deep-fat frying operation and of cyclic fatty acids (CFA) on rat liver enzyme activity. The fats were partially hydrogenated ...

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• (1995)
A large body of literature exists regarding the effects of dietary protein on blood lipids in adult humans and animals; however, little is known of the action that protein source may have on cholesterol levels in infants. ...

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• (2011-01-21)
Infant formula is consumed by the majority of infants in the United States for at least part of the first year of life. Infant formula lacks many of the bioactive compounds that are naturally occurring in breast milk. ...

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• (2012-06-27)
Obesity is linked to increased intestinal permeability that may contribute to low grade inflammation. Fructan prebiotics have been demonstrated to increase intestinal resistance and decrease systemic inflammation. The ...

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• (1993)
Effects of individual fatty acids on lipoprotein synthesis and secretion were studied in Hep-G2 cells. The cellular uptake rate of 18:0, 18:1, 18:2 and 18:3 was very similar. The synthesis of triglyceride was significantly ...

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