# Browse Division of Nutritional Sciences by Title

• (2011-08-26)
Milk contains numerous bioactive substances including immunoglobulins, cytokines, growth factors and components that exert antibiotic and prebiotic activity (Field, 2005). Little is known about the biological effects of ...

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• (2015-06-16)
Obesity is a major nutritional disorder in cats and is associated with several comorbidities and reduced life span. The primary objectives of this study were to determine the effects of feeding a moderate-protein, high-fiber ...

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• (2015-09-28)
Patients with renal failure undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) therapy suffer from a number of co-morbidities including skeletal muscle loss, reduced physical function, a significantly increased fall risk, and reduced ...

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• (2013-05-28)
In 2011, preterm births accounted for approximately 12% of all births in the United States (1). Preterm infants have an immature gastrointestinal tract and are at increased risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis, ...

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• (2014-05-30)
Age associated cognitive decline in human and rodents has been linked with decreases in hippocampal neurogenesis and a chronic low grade inflammation in the central nervous system. Physical exercise increases neurogenesis ...

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• (2011-08-25)
Epidemiological studies have linked high consumption of tomatoes and cruciferous vegetables to decreased risk of prostate cancer. Several bioactive components isolated from cruciferous vegetables and tomatoes exhibit ...

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• (1994)
This manuscript chronicles the evaluation and development of the preruminant calf as a model for the study of the absorption, transport and metabolism of $\beta$-carotene in the human. The pattern of serum appearance and ...

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• (2019-04-25)
Hispanic children in the United States (US) have the highest prevalence of obesity compared to other groups. Childhood obesity prevention and treatment require the involvement of parents to promote healthy behaviors and ...

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• (2014-05-30)
Adenosine is a pleotropic purine nucleoside with actions ranging from neurotransmission to immunomodulation. Pathologic processes that trigger cellular stress and damage also cause significant increases in local and systemic ...

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• (2005)
Little data exist on the influence of dietary factors on viscosity of gastrointestinal tract contents. In addition, a standardized method of gastrointestinal tract viscosity measurement has not been established. In Study ...

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• (2017-04-21)
Background: Obesity is a disease characterized by excess adiposity which complicates metabolism, mobility, and multiple systems in the body. Over a third of Americans have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 kg/m2 and ...

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• (2000)
GS content did not correlate well with sulfur volatile formation, but SAA did, particularly SMCSO, supporting the theory that broccoli flavor does arises from SAA, not GS. Positive correlations also suggest that SMCSO and ...

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• (2012-06-27)
Carotenoids are very abundant in nature and their consumption has numerous positive health outcomes. There are two known enzymes that are responsible for cleaving carotenoids in to their metabolites. β-carotene is cleaved ...

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• (2000)
Certain nondigestible oligosaccharides have been shown to elicit prebiotic effects in the large intestine of healthy nonruminants. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the prebiotic effects of two novel oligosaccharides, ...

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• (2006)
The purpose of this study is to describe dietary patterns, evaluate dietary quality and adequacy of nutrient intakes for the elderly in Botswana. Many developing countries lack information on the health and nutrition status ...

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• (2017-04-27)
Across the lifespan, Hispanics in the United States (US) suffer from higher prevalence of obesity than the general population. Efforts to prevent the development of obesity among children in this at-risk group have had ...

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• (1996)
Described here is the first known application of differential display to isolate genes regulated by level of dietary lipids in female BALB/c mice. Differences were revealed with all five primer pairs tested. Nine fragments ...

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• (1996)
Described here is the first known application of differential display to isolate genes regulated by level of dietary lipids in female BALB/c mice. Differences were revealed with all five primer pairs tested. Nine fragments ...

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• (2011-05-25)
Trans-10, cis-12-conjugated linoleic acid (trans-10, cis-12-CLA) has been reported to reduce body fat mass but accompanied by increased liver mass. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms have been unknown. Our study ...

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• (2012-06-27)
ABSTRACT The rate of childhood obesity has more than tripled in the past 30 years from 5% to 18%. The risk of developing Type 2 diabetes increases in a dose-dependent manner with the increase in body mass index. ...

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