|Title:||Industrial Research and Development In Metropolitan Areas - The Library Environment
|Author(s):||Royer, George L.
|Subject(s):||Libraries and metropolitan areas
|Abstract:||The research laboratory in most companies has grown out of
the technical operation. In the chemical industry with which I am
best acquainted, the technical activities centered on the production,
control and testing of the products being manufactured. In many
cases, this know-how was brought to this country from Europe where,
most specifically, organic chemical manufacture had started prior to
the first World War. After 1918 there was a rapid development in the
synthetic chemical industry, and it was at this point that many of our
earlier research laboratories were established. During the last forty
years there has been a marked increase in research activities and
many of our current industries have developed as a result. The first
research laboratory was located at the manufacturing plant but its
activities gradually became separated from the manufacturing operation.
In this separate environment, research scientists were able to
develop new products and processes which justified the research
expenditures. Before World War II, research had progressed to the
point where many of the larger organizations felt that it was desirable
to form separate central research laboratories where scientists
could devote their time to new products and new areas separate from
their current fields of endeavor. Laboratories like that of Cyanamid
at Stamford were established completely independent of a manufacturing
location. In seeking a site for such a centralized laboratory,
locations were investigated which were either close to the corporate office in a metropolitan area, close to a university, or both. During
and after the second World War, there was an additional desire on the
part of many large companies to expand their research activities into
products related to government activities and also to expand in activities
which had come out of work for the government.
|Publisher:||Graduate School of Library Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
|Citation Info:||In H.Goldstein, ed. 1965. The changing environment for library services in the metropolitan area; papers presented at an institute conducted by the University of Illinois Graduate School of Library Science, October 31-November 3, 1965. Urbana, Il: Graduate School of Library Science: 102-108.
|Series/Report:||Allerton Park Institute (12th : 1965)
|Genre:||Conference Paper / Presentation
|Publication Status:||published or submitted for publication
|Rights Information:||Copyright owned by Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. 1965.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2007-07-16