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Title:The International Community and Kashmir
Author(s):Schaffer, Howard B.
Subject(s):Jammu and Kashmir -- Conflict
Jammu and Kashmir -- Diplomacy
Jammu and Kashmir -- Policy -- United States
Jammu and Kashmir -- Policy -- United Nations
Abstract:The international community’s efforts to help resolve the Kashmir issue began only weeks after the dispute erupted in October 1947. The controversy remained on the world’s radar scope for a quarter of a century, then faded away when India and Pakistan agreed at Simla in 1972 to resolve it peacefully by bilateral negotiations. The outbreak of an insurrection against Indian rule in the Kashmir Valley at the end of 1989 returned the problem to world attention. The United States and other major powers soon recognized that the nuclear capabilities of the rival claimants made the issue more dangerous and its resolution more urgent. But Washington’s main initiatives in recent years have focused on managing the India-Pakistan crises Kashmir has sparked, not on the elusive search for resolution of the Kashmir dispute itself. It has urged both countries to reach a mutually acceptable settlement that takes into account the wishes of the Kashmiri people, and has declared its willingness to play a facilitating role in helping the parties resolve the issue if both the Indians and Pakistanis wish it to. Other interested powers have been even less involved. All have recognized that the continuing refusal of the Indian government to countenance an international role in Kashmir makes it likely that any outside efforts will be as unsuccessful as others were in the past. This conventional—and till now sensible— approach may not necessarily remain valid. In this article, I will argue that recent important developments may—just may—offer opportunities for the world community led by the United States to play a useful part in resolving this seemingly intractable problem.
Issue Date:2008
Publisher:Program in Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security (ACDIS), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Citation Info:Howard B. Schaffer, "The International Community and Kashmir," Swords and Ploughshares, vol. XVI, no. 1 (winter 2007-8), pp. 15-18. Program in Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Series/Report:Swords and Ploughshares, winter 2007-8
Publication Status:published or submitted for publication
Peer Reviewed:not peer reviewed
Date Available in IDEALS:2010-05-11

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