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Title:Investigation of magnetic sensing system for in-place corrosion characterization in metals
Author(s):Gallo, Gonzalo E.
Director of Research:Popovics, John S.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Popovics, John S.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Al-Qadi, Imad L.; Altstetter, Carl J.; Mondal, Paramita; Chapman, Patrick L.
Department / Program:Civil & Environmental Eng
Discipline:Civil Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Corrosion
magnetic sensing
Non-destructive testing (NDT)
Giant Magneto-Resistive (GMR) sensors
Abstract:Corrosion of the civil infrastructure causes structural failures and great financial losses. Continuous and effective monitoring of corrosion can lead to failure prevention and savings. This document describes the development of magnetic sensing schemes to characterize corrosion of metals in situ. GMR magnetic field sensors are applied to overcome difficulties encountered with traditional corrosion detection methods. Magnetic measurements present a manner to monitor corrosion without damaging the structure. Active and passive magnetic sensing configurations are presented. Passive measurements rely on very near-surface magnetic field measurements. Changes in the magnetic field are associated with corrosion rates for A36 steel and 2024 aluminum in aqueous environments. Active magnetic tests rely on the interaction of imposed magnetic fields with corrosion-generated magnetic fields. Although active tests may be carried out at a larger offset distance to the corroding metal, the responses from active tests could not be consistently related to corrosion activity of metals in aqueous environments. Finally the developed magnetic techniques are applied to reinforced concrete specimens. Accurate and fast corrosion processes in the steel bar are achieved in a controlled manner using anodic applied current. The passive sensing scheme data show some promise in identifying areas where corrosion pits initiate; however the corrosion rate is significantly underestimated. The results serve as a basis to propose a robust sensor configuration capable of monitoring corrosion of steel in concrete in the field.
Issue Date:2010-05-19
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/16091
Rights Information:Copyright 2010 Gonzalo E. Gallo
Date Available in IDEALS:2010-05-19
Date Deposited:2010-05


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