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The effects of physical activity on the health status of individuals with disabilities

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Title: The effects of physical activity on the health status of individuals with disabilities
Author(s): Galli, Jessica M.
Advisor(s): Farner, Susan M.
Department / Program: Kinesiology & Community Health
Discipline: Community Health
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: M.S.
Genre: Thesis
Subject(s): Disability physical activity health status
Abstract: Purpose: To determine if a difference in health status exists between the population of individuals with a disability and the population of individuals without a disability. And to examine the effects of physical activity on the health status of individuals with and without disabilities. Methods: This study was completed using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a national health survey conducted by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (CDC). The total number of individuals from the BRFSS that were analyzed within this study is 430,912 participants. Data were analyzed and compared along criteria set within the purpose of the research study. Results: Prior to running statistics, participants were divided based on their response to the following question from Section 14: Are you limited in any way in any activities because of physical, mental, or emotional problems? All correlations calculated using chi-squared were significant (P < 0.05). Results are considered significant not only by statistical calculations but also by deductive reasoning by the researcher. Conclusion: The major findings from this research project show a disparity in health status between individuals with and individuals without a disability. Overall, individuals with a disability appear to be less healthy than individuals without a disability. This difference was found in the two main areas of this study that examined health status: general health and healthy days. Despite these differences, the results supported the hypothesis that physical activity would positively influence health status for both populations.
Issue Date: 2010-05-19
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/16206
Rights Information: Copyright 2010 Jessica M. Galli
Date Available in IDEALS: 2010-05-19
Date Deposited: May 2010
 

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