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Title:Measurements of small ice crystals in arctic cirrus: observations from the Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC)
Author(s):Bae, Kenny
Advisor(s):McFarquhar, Greg M.
Department / Program:Atmospheric Sciences
Discipline:Atmospheric Sciences
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
small crystals
Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC)
Abstract:In-situ observations on the size and shape of particles in arctic cirrus are less common than those in mid-latitude and tropical cirrus with considerable uncertainty about the contributions of small ice crystals (maximum dimension D<50 µm) to the mass and radiative properties that impact radiative forcing. In situ measurements of small ice crystals in arctic cirrus were made during the Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC) in April 2008 during transits of the National Research Council of Canada Convair-580 between Fairbanks and Barrow, Alaska and during Mixed Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (MPACE) in October 2004 with the University of North Dakota (UND) Citation over Barrow, Alaska. Concentrations of small ice crystals with D < 50 μm from a Cloud and Aerosol Spectrometer (CAS), a Cloud Droplet Probe (CDP), a Forward Scattering Spectrometer Probe (FSSP), and a two-dimensional stereo probe (2DS) were compared as functions of the concentrations of crystals with D > 100 μm measured by a Cloud Imaging Probe (CIP) and two-dimensional stereo probe (2DS) in order to assess whether the shattering of large ice crystals on protruding components of different probes artificially amplified measurements of small ice crystal concentrations. The dependence of the probe comparison on other variables as CIP N>100 (number concentrations greater than diameter D>100 μm),temperature, relative humidity respect to ice (RHice), dominant habit from the Cloud Particle Imager (CPI), aircraft roll, pitch, true air speed and angle of attack was examined to understand potential causes of discrepancies between probe concentrations. Data collected by these probes were also compared against the data collected by a CAS, CDP and CIP during the Tropical Warm Pool-International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) and by a CAS and 2DS during the Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling (TC4) missions. During ISDAC, the CAS and FSSP both overestimated measurements of small ice crystals compared to both the CDP and 2DS by 1-2 orders of magnitude. Further, the amount of overestimation increased with the concentrations from the CIP2 (N>100 > 0.1 L-1). There was an unexplained discrepancy in concentrations of small crystals between the CDP and 2DS during ISDAC. In addition, there was a strong dependence on RHice of the average ratios of the N3-50, CAS/N3-50,CDP, N3-50, FSSP096/N3-50,CDP, N3-50, CAS/N3-50,FSSP096, N10-50, CDP/N3-50,2DS, N10-50, FSSP096/N10-50,2DS. Continued studies are needed to understand the discrepancy of these probes.
Issue Date:2010-05-19
Rights Information:Copyright 2010 Kenny Bae
Date Available in IDEALS:2010-05-19
Date Deposited:May 2010

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