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Title:Career counseling and career courses: process, impact and outcomes
Author(s):McClair, Vetisha L.
Director of Research:Rounds, James
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Rounds, James
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Rooney, Gail; DeStefano, Lizanne; Hannum, James W.
Department / Program:Educational Psychology
Discipline:Educational Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Counseling Psychology
Vocational Psychology
Career Counseling
Abstract:The current study seeks to build on to the existing literature on career interventions by empirically examining possible outcomes of two of the most widely utilized career interventions, career counseling and career courses. This investigation used Critical Ingredients (Brown & Ryan Krane, 2000; Brown, et al., 2003; Ryan, 1999) to assess the components of career counseling and career courses and the relationship between number of critical ingredients and student outcomes. Critical Ingredients were also used in a separate pilot study where career counselors and students were asked to report the number of critical ingredients present in a career counseling session. Student course participants (N = 139) and counseling participants (N = 130), enrolled at a large Midwestern university were assessed at three timepoints during the Fall 2008 semester: the first 4 weeks, midterm and finals. Each participant was either enrolled in a career course or received career counseling during that semester. Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) was used to analyze the relationships between outcome variables, demographics and critical ingredients. Analyses found no significant group differences between counseling and course participants on outcome variables, but there were group differences in number of critical ingredients experienced. An HLM model was established where Career Decision Making Self-Efficacy (CDMSE; Betz & Taylor, 1994) scores (intercept) were predicted by race, year in school, time and number of critical ingredients experienced. The degree of change (slope) was predicted by individual error variance and number of critical ingredients experienced. This study provides interesting information about the dynamics of the change process as students experience career interventions. Limitations and implications for research and practice were also discussed.
Issue Date:2010-08-20
Rights Information:Copyright 2010 Vetisha L. McClair
Date Available in IDEALS:2010-08-20
Date Deposited:2010-08

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