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Development of polymeric drug delivery vehicles for targeted cancer therapy

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Title: Development of polymeric drug delivery vehicles for targeted cancer therapy
Author(s): Tong, Rong
Director of Research: Cheng, Jianjun
Doctoral Committee Chair(s): Cheng, Jianjun
Doctoral Committee Member(s): Braun, Paul V.; Lu, Yi; Wong, Gerard C.; Zimmerman, Steven C.
Department / Program: Materials Science & Engineerng
Discipline: Materials Science & Engr
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): nanomedicine nanoconjugates nanoparticle polylactide aptamer targeted cancer therapy β-diiminate Zinc O-acylation O-carboxyanhydrides liposome cisplatin paclitaxel camptothecin doxorubicin
Abstract: The aim of my Ph. D. thesis is to generalize a method for targeted anti-cancer drug delivery. Hydrophilic polymer-drug conjugates involve complicated synthesis; drug-encapsulated polymeric nanoparticles limit the loading capability of payloads. This thesis introduces the concept of nanoconjugates to overcome difficulties in synthesis and formulation. Drugs with hydroxyl group are able to initiate polyester synthesis in a regio- and chemo- selective way, with the mediation of ligand-tunable Zinc catalyst. Herein, three anti-cancer drugs are presented to demonstrate the high efficiency and selectivity in the method (Chapter 2-4). The obtained particles are stable in salt solution, releasing drugs over weeks in controlled manner. With the conjugation of aptamer, particles are capable to target prostate cancer cells in vitro. These results open the gateway to evaluate the in vivo efficacy of nanoconjugates for target cancer therapy (Chapter 5). Mechanism study of the polymerization leads to the discovery of chemosite selective synthesis of prodrugs with acrylate functional groups. Functional copolymer-drug conjugates will expand the scope of nanoconjugates (Chapter 6). Liposome-aptamer targeting drug delivery vehicle is well studied to achieve reversible cell-specific delivery of non-hydoxyl drugs e.g. cisplatin (Chapter 7). New monomers and polymerization mechanisms are explored for polyester in order to synthesize nanoconjugates with variety on properties (Chapter 8). Initial efforts to apply this type of prodrugs will be focused on the preparation of hydrogels for stem cell research (Chapter 9).
Issue Date: 2010-08-31
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/16988
Rights Information: Copyright 2010 Rong Tong
Date Available in IDEALS: 2010-08-31
2012-09-07
Date Deposited: 2010-08
 

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