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Title:Hybrid coherence for scalable multicore architectures
Author(s):Kelm, John H.
Director of Research:Lumetta, Steven S.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Lumetta, Steven S.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Frank, Matthew I.; Chen, Deming; Patel, Sanjay J.
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Accelerator architecture
hybrid architectures
memory model
cache coherence
Abstract:This work describes a cache architecture and memory model for 1000+ core microprocessors. Our approach exploits workload characteristics and programming model assumptions to build a hybrid memory model that incorporates features from both software-managed coherence schemes and hardware cache coherence. The goal is to achieve the scalability found in compute accelerators, which support relaxed ordering of memory operations and programmer-managed coherence, while providing a programming interface that is akin to the strongly ordered cache coherent memory models found in general-purpose multicore processors today. The research presented in this dissertation supports the following thesis: To be scalable and programmable, future multicore systems require a cached, single-address space memory hierarchy. A hybrid software/hardware approach to coherence management is required to support such a memory hierarchy in 1000+ core processors and is achievable only by leveraging the characteristics of target applications and system software. We motivate a hybrid memory model and present our approach to addressing the challenges facing such a model. We discuss and evaluate a scalable 1024-core architecture, workloads that we see as targets for such an architecture, a memory model that relies on software management of coherence, and scalable hardware coherence schemes. Using these components, we develop the software and hardware support for a hybrid memory model. We demonstrate that our techniques can be used to reduce hardware design complexity, to increase software scalability, or to combine the two.
Issue Date:2011-01-14
Rights Information:Copyright 2010 John H. Kelm
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-01-14
Date Deposited:December 2

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