Files in this item



application/pdfIiams_Vanessa.pdf (1MB)
(no description provided)PDF


Title:Investigations into the mechanism of orotidine 5'-monophosphate decarboxylase: Sources of substrate destabilization and transition state stabilization
Author(s):Iiams, Vanessa A.
Advisor(s):Gerlt, John A.
Department / Program:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Orotidine 5'-monophosphate decarboxylase (OMPDC)
Abstract:Orotidine 5′-monophosphate decarboxylase (OMPDC) achieves a rarely paralleled rate acceleration, yet the catalytic basis prompting this enhancement have yet to be fully elucidated. To accomplish decarboxylation, OMPDC must overcome the high energy barrier due to the localized anionic charge of the intermediate. Mechanistic studies employing enzyme mutagenesis and product or intermediate analogues were used to investigate possible transition state stabilization by a carbene resonance structure. Viability of the carbene structure depends upon a key hydrogen bond between O4 of the substrate and the amide backbone of a conserved serine or threonine. Substitution of the conserved residue with Pro resulted in a kcat/KM of 1 M-1s-1; deletion of the FUMP O4 resulted in a product analogue that does not undergo H6 exchange or inhibit decarboxylation. Hence, indirect evidence reveals the O4-backbone interaction plays an important role for binding and catalysis. OMPDC likely has honed multiple mechanisms to attain its remarkable catalysis. The successful crystallizations of OMPDC a decade ago sparked hypotheses that structure and sequence conserved residues induced productive strain on the substrate-enzyme complex. Here, we demonstrate a new source of stress: a hydrophobic pocket adjacent to the OMP carboxylate that exhibits kinetic parameters characteristic of substrate destabilization. Substitution of these residues with hydrophilic side-chains, by providing hydrogen-bonding partners, decreased kcat by 10 to 10^4–fold. The same substitutions display very little change in the rate of product H6 exchange, supporting that this hydrophobic pocket affects the substrate-enzyme complex before the transition state. We also provide evidence that hydrophilic residues can insert water molecules into the pocket with detrimental effects to catalysis.
Issue Date:2011-01-14
Rights Information:Copyright 2010 Vanessa Iiams
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-01-14
Date Deposited:December 2

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics