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The effects of PVP(FE(III)) catalyst and polymer molecular weight on gene delivery via biodegradable crosslinked polyethylenimine

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Title: The effects of PVP(FE(III)) catalyst and polymer molecular weight on gene delivery via biodegradable crosslinked polyethylenimine
Author(s): Shum, Wing T.
Advisor(s): Pack, Daniel W.
Department / Program: Chemical & Biomolecular Engr
Discipline: Chemical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: M.S.
Genre: Thesis
Subject(s): non-viral gene delivery polyethylenimine polyethylenimines (PEI) biodegradable cross-link diacrylate transfection polyplex cellular uptake
Abstract: Human gene therapy has faced many setbacks due to the immunogenicity and oncogenity of viruses. Safe and efficient alternative gene delivery vehicles are needed to implement gene therapy in clinical practice. Polymeric vectors are an attractive option due to their availability, simple chemistry, and low toxicity and immunogenicity. Our group has previously reported biodegradable polyethylenimines (PEI) that show high transfection efficiency and low toxicity by cross-linking 800 Da PEI with diacrylate cross-linkers using Michael addition. However, the synthesis was difficult to control, inconsistent, and resulted in polymers with a narrow range of molecular weights. In the present work, we utilized a heterogenous PVP(Fe(III)) catalyst to provide a more controllable PEI crosslinking reaction and wider range of biodegradable PEIs. The biodegradable PEIs reported here have molecular weights ranging from 1.2 kDa to 48 kDa, are nontoxic in MDA-MB-231 cells, and show low toxicity in HeLa cells. At their respective optimal polymer:DNA ratios, these biodegradable PEIs demonstrated about 2-5-fold higher transfection efficiency and 2-7-fold higher cellular uptake, compared unmodified 25 kDa PEI. The biodegradable PEIs show similar DNA condensation properties as unmodified PEI but more readily unpackage DNA, based on ethidium bromide exclusion and heparan sulfate competitive displacement assays, which could contribute to their improved transfection efficiency. Overall, the synthesis reported here provides a more robust, controlled reaction to produce cross-linked biodegradable PEIs that show enhanced gene delivery, low toxicity, and high cellular uptake and can potentially be used for future in vivo studies.
Issue Date: 2011-01-21
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/18635
Rights Information: Copyright 2010 Wing Tat Victor Shum
Date Available in IDEALS: 2011-01-21
2013-01-22
Date Deposited: 2010-12
 

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