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Title:  Buckling and postbuckling behavior of a cylindrical shell subjected to external pressure 
Author(s):  Langhaar, Henry Louis; Boresi, Arthur Peter 
Subject(s):  Buckling behavior 
Abstract:  In an earlier report (TAM Report No. 80), the authors considered the buckling and postbuckling behavior of an ideal elastic cylindrical shell loaded by uniform external pressure on its lateral surface, and by an axial compressive force. Assumptions were introduced which reduced the shell to a system with one degree of freedom. The present investigation is a generalization and a refinement of this theory. The shell is treated as a system with 21 degrees of freedom. By the imposition of constraints on the 21 generalized coordinates, various end conditions can be realized; for example, simply supported ends with flexible end plates (no axial constraint), simply supported ends with rigid end plates, and clamped ends. Also, effects of reinforcing rings have been incorporated in a more general way than in TAM Report No. 80. The restrictive assumption that the centroidal axis of a ring coincides with the middle surface of the shell has been eliminated. A pressuredeflection curve for an ideal cylindrical shell that is loaded by external pressure has the general form shown in Figure 1. The falling part of the curve (dotted in the figure) represents unstable equilibrium configurations. Also, the continuation of line OE (dotted) represents unstable unbuckled configurations. Actually, the shell snaps from some configuration A to another configuration B, as indicated by the dashed line in Figure 1. Theoretically, point A coincides with the maximum point E on lhe curve, but initial imperfections and accidental disturbances prevent the shell from reaching this point. Point E is the buckling pressure of the classical infinitesimal theory (called the "Euler crítical pressure", since Euler applied the infinitesimal theory to columns). To some extent, point A is indeterminate, but it is presumably higher than the minimum point C unless the shell has excessive initial dents or lopsidedness. In TAM Report No. 80. a hypothesis of Tsien was used to locate point A. In the present investigation, point A is not considered. Rather, attention is focused on the development of a theory that will determine the en tire loaddeflection curve. For short thick shells, such as the interring bays of a submarine hull, the Euler critical pressures, determined by TAM Report No. 80, are too high, presumably because the assumption that the shell buckles without incremental hoop strain is inadmissible in this range. The present report corrects this error. Numerical data on the Euler critical pressures of shells with simply supported ends and flexible end plates have been obtained with the aid of lhe Illiac, an electronic digital computer. The data are tabulated at the end of this reporto For short shells without rings, the buckling pressures are appreciably lower than those determined by von Mises' theory. The numerical data for the Euler buckling pressures of sheUs with uniformly spaced reinforcing rings are sufficiently extensive to permit interpolation to estimate effects of various ring sizes. Some exploratory numerical investigations of postbuckling behavior have been conducted with the Illiac. lt is not feasible, at the present time, to handle nonlinear equilibrium problems for systems with 18 degrees of freedom. Consequently, for the numerical work, some higher harmonics were discarded so that the system was reduaed to 7 degrees of freedom. Even then, the numerical problem is formidable. The calculations were confined principally to the determination of the minimum point C on the postbuckling curve (Figure 1). The pressure at point C is the minimum pressure at which a buckled form can exist. It is found that the ordinate of point C, determined by TAM report No. 80, is somewhat too high. The two theories are compared by a table anq curves at the end of this report. 
Issue Date:  195604 
Publisher:  Dept. of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (UIUC) 
Series/Report:  TAM Report 0093 
Genre:  Technical Report 
Type:  Text dataset / spreadsheet 
Language:  English 
URI:  http://hdl.handle.net/2142/18754 
ISSN:  00735256 
Rights Information:  Copyright 1956 HL Langhaar and AP Boresi 
Date Available in IDEALS:  20110323 
This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Technical Reports  Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (TAM)
TAM technical reports include manuscripts intended for publication, theses judged to have general interest, notes prepared for short courses, symposia compiled from outstanding undergraduate projects, and reports prepared for researchsponsoring agencies.