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Title:Hydrogen concentration and temperature affect the 1/f resistance noise in Nb films
Author(s):Nevins, Bryan Dexter
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Weissman, Michael B.
Department / Program:Physics
Discipline:Physics
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):hydrogen
hydrogen concentration
1/f resistance
1/f resistance fluctuations
thin flims
thing Nb films
resistance noise
Gorsky effect
Snoek effect
Abstract:The 1 /f resistance fluctuations of thin Nb films was studied from 60 K to 400 K. The resistance noise came from hydrogen ions and other defects placed in the films during sputtering. Hydrogen ions cause three types of 1/f noise at different temperatures. The noise is related to internal friction phenomena such as the Gorsky effect and the Snoek effect. Near 150K, there is "hopping noise" caused by the movement of hydrogen ions between nearby lattice locations. Near 300K, there is "number fluctuation noise" due to ions diffusing in and out of the sample during a noise measurement. The number of ions within the sample fluctuates, changing the amount of electron scattering and the resistance. Both hopping noise and number fluctuations are eliminated if an electric field drains H ions out of the sample. The intensity and temperature dependence of the hopping noise and the number fluctuation noise were compared for five samples. This comparison gives information about hydrogen ion motion and film quality. At frequencies above the number fluctuation noise, there was 1/f noise with a less specific origin. This noise is reduced, but not eliminated by the application of a DC electric field. This noise showed non-Gaussian effects in some samples. The non-Gaussian noise and other effects suggest that the noise involves a complex interaction between the H ions and the Nb lattice in which the motion of ions is correlated over 1 Onm.
Issue Date:1991
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/18888
Rights Information:1991 Bryan Dexter Nevins
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-04-27
Identifier in Online Catalog:3473747


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