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Title:Substitution of food away from home for the wife's housework time
Author(s):Shotick, Joyce Ann Down
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Beller, Andrea H.
Department / Program:Agricultural and Consumer Economics
Discipline:Human Resources and Family Studies
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Home Economics
Women's Studies
Economics, Labor
Sociology, Individual and Family Studies
Abstract:The purpose of the research is to study the substitution of purchasing restaurant meals for the wife's housework time. Based on the theory of time allocation, the wife's housework time was analyzed and the substitution and income effects were empirically estimated.
The wife's housework time as a function of her income, wage, wage ratio, and husband's housework time, was empirically tested. Expenditures for food away from home as a function of her income, wage, her housework time, and family size was analyzed.
Results from the FAFH model suggest that both employed and non-employed wives substitute FAFH for their housework time. An increase in the wife's housework time is associated with a decrease in expenditures for FAFH, regardless of employment status. The conditional elasticities for expenditures for FAFH by wife's weekly housework time for employed and non-employed wives were.054 and.335, respectively.
The employed wife's wage positively influenced expenditures for FAFH. Expenditures for FAFH was not significantly influenced by non-employed wives' estimated wage. This could be due to the notion that their estimated wage was below their reservation wage, thus, providing no incentive to participate in the labor market.
Other income was also found to significantly influence expenditures for FAFH, regardless of wives' employment status. As other increases, wives increase their expenditures for FAFH, but at a decreasing rate. The conditional income elasticities for employed and non-employed wives were.082 and.139, respectively.
Findings from the housework time model indicate that the value of the employed wife's time negatively influenced time spent in housework. This suggests that the substitution effect dominates the income effect for employed wives. The price elasticity of time for employed wives at the means was found to be $-$.3116. No significant relationship between non-employed wife's estimated wage and housework time was found.
The income effect was $-$5.072 and $-$9.292 for employed and non-employed wives, respectively. Whereas, the substitution effect was computed to be $-$34.323 and $-$3.924 for employed and non-employed wives, respectively. For employed wives, the substitution effect is greater than the income effect.
Issue Date:1996
Rights Information:Copyright 1996 Shotick, Joyce Ann Down
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9625193
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9625193

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