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Title:Criteria used in the hiring of elementary general music specialists
Author(s):Henrikson, Martha Lynn
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Colwell, Richard J.
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Administration
Education, Music
Education, Teacher Training
Abstract:Teacher selection is a critical component of education and educational administration. The intent of the research study was to add to the knowledge base of teacher selection by surveying the perceptions of elementary principals in evaluating beginning general music teachers. The initial paper screening stage of teacher selection decisions was examined. Evaluation decisions were measured by two means: a yes-no decision to interview a teacher candidate and a corresponding line scale rating of the strength of the yes-no decision.
The researcher selected six independent variables for study: gender, age, undergraduate institution, general education coursework GPA, extracurricular interests, and philosophy statement. Each variable was presented at two different levels. Teacher candidate dossiers were constructed to systematically manipulate each level of each variable, resulting in 64 unique dossiers (2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 = 64).
An 86.5 percent response rate (173 of 200) was attained from elementary school principals randomly selected from five counties surrounding the city of Chicago. Each principal was mailed three randomly assigned teacher dossiers and asked to evaluate the dossiers.
Procedures selected for data analysis were chi-square (yes-no decisions) and ANOVA (line scale ratings). Results indicated that candidate age was significant for both ANOVA and chi-square (p $<$.001). Principals chose significantly more 21-year old candidates than 37-year old candidates for interview. The undergraduate institution was significant (p $<$.021) in principals' line scale ratings of candidates. University of Illinois graduates were rated significantly higher than Illinois Wesleyan University graduates by principals.
The results of the study have implications for older entering teachers and teacher education institutions. Research is needed in teacher selection in terms of alternative certification as affecting re-entry and late entry of teachers into the field. Research is also important to determine further whether principals' decisions are based on differences in teacher education program content or institutional charter (private, liberal arts or state-supported research institutions).
Issue Date:1989
Rights Information:Copyright 1989 Henrikson, Martha Lynn
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9010881
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9010881

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