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|Title:||Research and extension linkages in technology generation and transfer for food and horticultural crops in West Java, Indonesia|
|Doctoral Committee Chair(s):||Osborne, Edward W.|
|Department / Program:||Education|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Subject(s):||Education, Adult and Continuing
|Abstract:||The primary purpose of this study was to examine the linkages between research and extension agencies in generating and transferring technology for food and horticultural subsectors in West Java, Indonesia.
This study used a descriptive-comparative survey method. The two populations included in this study were: (a) researchers from food crops and horticultural research institutes and (b) extension workers (subject matter specialists) for food and horticultural crops in West Java, Indonesia. The samples were randomly selected and the data were collected through a mailed questionnaire. Some statistical procedures and content analysis were used to analyze the data.
The findings indicated that the effectiveness of linkage mechanisms, in terms of the intensity of resources/information exchanged was still perceived to be low. This effectiveness was perceived to be mainly influenced by the extent to which a mutual resource exchange occurred between the two agencies.
The overall perceptions about the five linkage indicators studied (integration, coordination, availability and relevance of new technology, structural conflict, and operating conflict) were found to be moderate to low. Contextual factors that were mostly perceived as determinants for linkages were internal and external pressures and resources availability. Meanwhile, the extension workers perceived that they faced more limitations regarding the financial resources available and received more frequent pressure from farmers, superiors, colleagues, and national policy makers to establish closer linkages. There was still a tendency that researchers perceived extension workers as less competent and having less capacity to follow through on joint activities that had been agreed upon.
More attention should be given to designing policies for encouraging research-extension linkages. Linkage mechanisms should be developed by considering a mutual resource exchange between research and extension agencies. Furthermore, these mechanisms should be developed appropriately on the basis of the institutional and political context in which they would be used.
|Rights Information:||Copyright 1994 Adiyoga, Witono|
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2011-05-07|
|Identifier in Online Catalog:||AAI9416333|