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Title:An explanation-based learning approach to incremental planning
Author(s):Chien, Steve Ankuo
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):DeJong, Gerald F.
Department / Program:Computer Science
Discipline:Computer Science
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Artificial Intelligence
Computer Science
Abstract:Planning is the task of finding a set of operators whose executive transforms the current world state into a world state which satisfies some goal criterion. Because many tasks involve focussed change of a world state, planning techniques are relevant to a wide variety of important AI tasks such as automatic programming, process design and control, and manufacturing engineering.
However, when planning in complex, real-world domains, large amounts of knowledge are needed to adequately describe world behavior. With a large domain theory, complete reasoning can become a computationally intractable task. Consequently, even if a system has a complete and correct domain theory the computational demands of exhaustive reasoning may prevent successful planning.
This thesis describes incremental reasoning and learning techniques to reduce the cost of planning in computationally intractable domains. In this approach plans are initially constructed using inference limiting simplifications. Because limiting inference implies not exhaustively checking all possible inferences, resulting plans may make incorrect predictions. In order to deal with this difficulty the system uses these incorrect goal predictions to direct a refinement process which expands the limited inference of the initial plan, thus preventing recurrence of the incorrect goal prediction. By using executive feedback to focus attention upon parts of the plan requiring further inference, the system avoids the computationally intractable blind search of potentially relevant inferences required by exhaustive reasoning. The class of limited inference simplifications and refinement techniques described in this thesis have been shown to have the properties of convergence upon soundness (i.e. a plan will eventually be refined to make the same goal predictions as a plan developed using exhaustive reasoning) and completeness (i.e. the simplifications will not cause the planner to overlook any potential solutions considered by an exhaustive planner).
This incremental reasoning approach has been validated in two ways. First, a complexity analysis of the computational savings of the incremental reasoning approach has been performed. Second, this approach has been fully implemented and this implementation has been used to empirically compare the cost of the incremental reasoning approach and the exhaustive reasoning approach in two domains.
Issue Date:1991
Rights Information:Copyright 1991 Chien, Steve Ankuo
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9124395
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9124395

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