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Title:Effects of dissipative environments on some quantum systems
Author(s):Ao, Ping
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Leggett, Anthony J.
Department / Program:Physics
Discipline:Physics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Physics, Condensed Matter
Abstract:The properties of a system coupled to an environment can be dramatically changed compared to those of the isolated case. In this thesis I present a theoretical study of environmental influence on the following physical phenomena: the persistent current of a metallic ring, the escape rate of an electron from a helium surface, and the transition probability of the Landau-Zener level crossing.
Chapter one contains a general introduction to these physical systems and a brief review of the theoretical methods I shall use. The study of an equilibrium property, the persistent current of a metallic ring coupled to an environment, is in chapter two. Chapter three describes the effects of an environment on the escape of electrons from a helium surface. In chapter four a detailed study of the Landau-Zener level crossing problem with a dissipative environment is presented. Finally, in chapter five I propose some questions that need further theoretical consideration.
Issue Date:1991
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/19564
Rights Information:Copyright 1991 Ao, Ping
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9136531
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9136531


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