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Title:In vitro micropropagation, evaluation of disease resistance and hardiness of several new rose cultivars
Author(s):Ameen, Sami Kareem
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Meyer, Martin M.
Department / Program:Crop Sciences
Discipline:Crop Sciences
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Agriculture, Plant Culture
Abstract:New hardy rose cultivars, R. hybrida 'Carefree Beauty', 'Prairie Youth' and 'John Frobisher' and R. rugosa 'Henry Hudson' and 'Jens Hunk' were successfully propagated in vitro. Stem pieces containing axillary buds, leaves and roots of these cultivars were the source of explants. Shoots obtained from axillary buds proliferated when they were cultured on a modified MS medium supplemented with combinations of BA and TDZ. Leaves and roots of 'Carefree Beauty', 'Prairie Youth' and 'John Frobisher' failed to regenerate shoots in vitro.
Histological studies of the proliferated shoots of 'Carefree Beauty', 'Prairie Youth' and 'John Frobisher' cultured in vitro indicated that there were no signs of any adventitious shoot initiation in any of the proliferating shoots.
Shoots of 'Carefree Beauty', 'Prairie Youth' and 'John Frobisher' failed to root when they were cultured on a modified MS medium only. Addition of NAA or IBA, AC to the medium stimulated rooting. When the MS salt strength was reduced to $1\over2$ or $1\over4$ with or without auxins in the medium, rooting was enhanced. An elevated sucrose concentration in the medium stimulated root initiation. Rooting of 'Carefree Beauty' and 'Prairie Youth' cuttings derived from in vitro micropropagated shoots was promoted if the cuttings were dipped in IBA solution before planting directly in soil.
Hardiness and disease resistance of seventeen new rose cultivars were studied. The observations of first year trials indicated that these cultivars were highly resistant to black spot, whereas, the growing season of 1988-1989 might not have been favorable for the powdery mildew infection. These newer roses were also able to survive the first cold winter of Illinois which killed the hybrid tea cultivars used for comparison.
Issue Date:1989
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/19587
Rights Information:Copyright 1989 Ameen, Sami Kareem
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9010793
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9010793


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