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Title:The social and situational context of employment interview decisions
Author(s):Howard, Jack Lee
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Ferris, Gerald R.
Department / Program:Labor and Employment Relations
Discipline:Labor and Employment Relations
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Business Administration, Management
Psychology, Industrial
Abstract:The employment interview has long been the subject of research in the organizational sciences literature. However, the variables investigated and the methodology utilized in many cases has limited the generalizations that researcher can draw from the results. This dissertation is an attempt to address some of the limitations of past research on the employment interview, by suggesting that the social context has been largely neglected, and proposing and testing a model of social and situational influences on employment interview decisions designed to expand our knowledge base.
Several literatures are investigated and integrated in an attempt to accurately depict the employment interview. Employment interview research, along with political influence and social cognition literatures are reviewed in an attempt to model the decision-making process that interviewers utilize to arrive at decisions regarding applicants. A model of the decision-making process is developed, with an initial test of the model conducted. Applicant behaviors, along with work/job influences and interviewer influences are hypothesized to influence interviewer perceptions of interviewer-applicant similarity, applicant perceived competence, interviewer affect toward the applicant, applicant job suitability, and job offer recommendations. A causal model was tested employing the use of videotaped interviews, which were evaluated by actual interviewers from various industries. Results indicated support for an adjusted model as well as many of the specific hypothesized relationships. A number of important implications emerge from the results and relate to how applicant behaviors influence interviewer perceptions, which in turn influence employment interview outcomes.
Issue Date:1992
Rights Information:Copyright 1992 Howard, Jack Lee
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9305556
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9305556

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