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|Title:||Patterns of specialization and escalation in crime: A longitudinal analysis of juvenile and adult arrest transitions in the Glueck data|
|Author(s):||Davis, Kenna Fern|
|Doctoral Committee Chair(s):||Sampson, Robert J.|
|Department / Program:||Sociology|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Subject(s):||Sociology, Criminology and Penology|
|Abstract:||This dissertation analyzes the extent to which offending patterns were characterized by specialization and escalation. Emphasis is placed on the theoretical, methodological and policy issues related to the nature of offending. Most prior research on patterns of specialization and escalation looks at the offending histories of either juveniles or adults. The Glueck data provides the arrest histories of 500 delinquent boys from adolescence into adulthood.
Transition matrix analysis techniques are used to assess the probabilities of switching from one crime type to another across time. More specialization in offending was found than could be expected by chance however, the overall level of specialization in offending was relatively low during both the juvenile and adult phases. The major exception is the strong level of alcohol specialization for adults. In reference to the directional nature of offending, the levels of both escalation and de-escalation were low suggesting a random nature of offending over time. A group of high-rate juvenile offenders were found to be escalators whereas overall, juvenile and adult offending was characterized by slight de-escalatory trends.
These findings suggest that it is difficult to predict the nature of criminality and for those offenders who are more likely to specialize and escalate, a significant portion of their criminal activity has been committed by the time we are able to identify them.
|Rights Information:||Copyright 1992 Davis, Kenna Fern|
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2011-05-07|
|Identifier in Online Catalog:||AAI9236437|