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Title:The measurement of gamma ray-induced heating in a mixed neutron and gamma ray environment
Author(s):Chiu, Henry Kui Chuen
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Micklich, Bradley J.
Department / Program:Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering
Discipline:Nuclear Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Nuclear
Abstract:The problem of measuring the gamma heating in a mixed DT neutron and gamma ray environment was explored. A new detector technique was developed to make this measurement. Gamma heating measurements were made in a low-Z assembly irradiated with 14-MeV neutrons and (n,n$\sp\prime$) gammas produced by a Texas Nuclear Model 9400 neutron generator. Heating measurements were made in the mid-line of the lattice using a proportional counter operating in the Continuously-varied Bias-voltage Acquisition (CBA) mode. The neutron-induced signal was separated from the gamma-induced signal by exploiting the signal rise-time differences inherent to radiations of different linear energy transfer coefficient (LET), which are observable in a proportional counter. The operating limits of this measurement technique were explored by varying the counter position in the low-Z lattice, hence changing the irradiation spectrum observed.
The experiment was modelled numerically to help interpret the measured results. The transport of neutrons and gamma rays in the assembly was modelled using the one-dimensional radiation transport code ANISN/PC. The cross-section set used for these calculations was derived from the ENDF/B-V library using the code MC$\sp2$-2 for the case of DT neutrons slowing down in a low-Z material. The calculated neutron and gamma spectra in the slab and the relevant mass-stopping powers were used to construct weighting factors which relate the energy deposition in the counter fill-gas to that in the counter wall and in the surrounding material. The gamma energy deposition at various positions in the lattice is estimated by applying these weighting factors to the measured gamma energy deposition in the counter at those locations. The overall utility of this measurement technique for gamma heating in a low-Z structure irradiated by a broad energy range, low fluence mixed radiation field (characteristic of fusion blanket neutronics) was discussed.
Issue Date:1992
Rights Information:Copyright 1992 Chiu, Henry Kui Chuen
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9215791
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9215791

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