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Title:Coworker involvement in supported employment programs
Author(s):McNair, Jeffrey Lee
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Rusch, Frank R.
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Special
Education, Vocational
Abstract:This paper is a report on the development and utilization of an instrument to measure co-worker involvement in supported employment settings. Entitled the Co-worker Involvement Instrument, the scale assesses the presence of six co-worker roles (associating, training, befriending, evaluating, advocating, and information giving) and three variables influencing the "opportunity for involvement" by co-workers on the job (physical, social, and vocational integration). Two studies were completed to (a) determine the psychometric properties of the instrument, including reliability and validity and (b) to study the involvement of co-workers in supported employment programs.
The sample for these studies was a group of 72 employees with handicaps working in supported employment across the state of Illinois. The ratings of rater pairs (employment specialists and/or work supervisors) using the instrument comprised the data base for the studies. A variety of job placement approaches (individual, enclave, mobile crew) and job types (service and light industrial) were represented in the studies.
Analysis of psychometric properties resulted in figures supporting both the reliability (inter-rater and test-retest) and validity (content and face) of the instrument.
Research questions relative to co-worker involvement indicated relationships along the dimensions of target employee characteristics and setting characteristics.
In regard to the target employee, significant nonlinear relationships were observed between co-worker involvement and IQ and co-worker involvement and worker behavior. In relation to employment characteristics, there were differences noted across job types. In relation to employment site characteristics, there were significant nonlinear relationships between co-worker involvement and (a) the number of employees at the employment site, (b) the number of nonhandicapped co-workers working in the same area, and (c) the sex of co-workers.
Percentages of employees with handicaps experiencing co-worker involvement across the particular co-worker roles were also compared with findings reported in the literature.
Issue Date:1989
Rights Information:Copyright 1989 McNair, Jeffrey Lee
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI8924897
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI8924897

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