Files in this item



application/pdf9210844.pdf (9MB)Restricted to U of Illinois
(no description provided)PDF


Title:The influence of the medium on children's comprehension of narrative
Author(s):Hunter, Linda Sue
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Wartella, Ellen
Department / Program:Communications
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Early Childhood
Education, Reading
Psychology, Developmental
Mass Communications
Education, Technology of
Abstract:The study reported here examined 56 second and fourth grade children's recall and comprehension of a story presented in two different media, print or audiovisual. It was hypothesized that children in the print condition would recall more story content than children in the audiovisual condition and that children in the print condition would produce more elaborated responses to open-ended questions than children in the audiovisual condition.
Results of data analyses indicated that children exposed to a comparable story in different media exhibit significant differences in comprehension of story content; also, the specific differences observed suggest that task and medium may interact to determine performance. Children in the audiovisual condition performed better than children in the print condition on picture-ordering and multiple-choice measures; however, children in the print condition performed better on measures of inferential comprehension. Supplementary measures indicated that children perceive television to be a much easier medium then print, suggesting that perceived demand characteristics of a medium may influence performance.
Conclusions and implications for future research are discussed.
Issue Date:1991
Rights Information:Copyright 1991 Hunter, Linda Sue
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-05-07
Identifier in Online Catalog:AAI9210844
OCLC Identifier:(UMI)AAI9210844

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics